Lesson 20 building and destroying
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Lesson 20- Building and Destroying . deleterious despoil effectual jettison obviate. 6. pinnacle 7. raze 8. stultify 9. surmount 10. wrest. 1. deleterious (adv). Having a harmful effect. Related Words: deleteriously; deleteriousness.

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Lesson 20- Building and Destroying

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Lesson 20 building and destroying

Lesson 20- Building and Destroying

  • deleterious

  • despoil

  • effectual

  • jettison

  • obviate

6. pinnacle

7. raze

8. stultify

9. surmount

10. wrest


1 deleterious adv

1. deleterious (adv)

  • Having a harmful effect.

    Related Words: deleteriously; deleteriousness.

    Ex: When the pesticide DDT was found to be deleterious to humans, it was removed from the market


2 despoil verb

2. despoil (verb)

  • To deprive of possessions or property by force; plunder; rob.

    Related Word: despoliation

    Ex: Alexander the Great’s army despoiled the ancient city of Tyre.


3 effectual adj

3. effectual (adj)

  • Producing or sufficient to produce a desired result; fully effectual.

    Rel. Word: effectually

    Ex: Ms. Sung knew that her methods of encouraging students to do research were effectual.


4 jettison verb

4. jettison (verb)

  • To discard as unwanted or burdensome.

  • To cast off or overboard.

    Ex: After listening to her staff’s objections, the manager jettisoned the marketing plan.


5 obviate verb

5. obviate (verb)

  • To prevent by anticipating; make unnecessary.

    Rel. Word: obviation.

    Ex: By careful planning, the operators of the new business obviated many of the difficulties often encountered by young entrpreneurs.


6 pinnacle noun

6. pinnacle (noun)

  • The highest point; summit; acme.

  • A tall, pointed formation, such as a mountain peak.

  • A small turret or spire on a roof or buttress.

    Ex: The pinnacle of achievement for many dramatic actors is to perform the role of Hamlet.


7 raze verb

7. raze (verb)

  • To tear down or demolish; level to the ground.

  • To scrape or shave off.

    Ex: During WWII, bombs razed many buildings.


8 stultify verb

8. stultify (verb)

  • To render useless or inadequate; cripple.

  • To cause to appear stupid, inconsistent, or ridiculous.

    Rel. Word: stultification

    Ex: Forcing a reluctant piano student to practice may stultify a natural interest in music.


9 surmount verb

9. surmount (verb)

  • To overcome; conquer.

  • To ascend to the top of; climb.

    Rel. Word: surmount

    Ex: In the poem “Invictus,” William Ernest Hensley wrote of his determination to surmount all difficulties.


10 wrest verb

10. wrest (verb)

  • To obtain by or as by pulling with violent twisting movements.

  • To usurp forcefully.

  • To extract by force, guile, or persistent effort. Wring.

    Ex: In North America, the British eventually wrested Canada from French control.


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