Word List. Timeline. 1206 Temujin (Genghis Khan, r. 1206-27) forms confederation of Mongol tribes, launches armies to east and west. 1227 Death of Genghis Khan, who by now has conquered N. China, overthrown Qara-Khitai and Khwarazm- Shahs. Ilkhanids Timurids Mongols. Timeline.
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1206 Temujin (Genghis
Khan, r. 1206-27) forms
confederation of Mongol
tribes, launches armies to
east and west.
1227 Death of Genghis Khan,
who by now has conquered
N. China, overthrown
Qara-Khitai and Khwarazm-
1236-41 Mongol expeditions attack Russia
and E. Europe.
1243 Mongols take Asia Minor.
1256 Mongols take Alamut.
1258 Mongols take Baghdad, put ‘Abbasid
caliph al-Musta‘sim (r. 1242-58) to death.
1260 Mongols take Aleppo, Damascus.
1260 Mamluks defeat Mongols at ‘Ayn Jalut.
In wake of battle, Baybars takes control of
Mamluk sultanate, rules until 1277.
Great Khanate of China and Mongolia
Khanate of the Golden Horde
1295-1304 Reign of Ilkhan
Ghazan, who imposes Islam
1304-16 Reign of Öljeitü.
Mid-14th century sees
fragmentation of Ilkhanate.
1361 Temür (Tamerlane/
Tamburlaine/Temür the Lame,
r. 1361-1405) comes to power.
1370 Temür takes control of
campaigns to east and west.
1405-47 Reign of Shah Rukh.
1470-1506 Reign of Husayn Bayqara.
1510 Persia passes into hands of Safavids.
1526 Babur defeats sultan of Delhi in India,
founds Mughal Empire.
1857 Indian Mutiny/First Indian War of
Independence against British.
640s Muslim raids into India
971-1030 Reign of Mahmud
of Ghazna, who makes first
major Muslim incursions into
1186-1206 Reign of Ghurid sultan
1206 Qutb al-Din Aybak assassinates
Muhammad, declares self sultan of Delhi.
1206-10 Reign of Qutb al-Din.
1206-1526 Sultanate of Delhi in N. India.
1388-89 Temür raids northern India.
1526 Babur defeats sultan of Delhi, sets up
Mughal Empire in N. India.
1526-30 Reign of Babur, first Mughal Emperor.
1529 Babur secures hold on northern India.
1556-1605 Reign of Akbar, who extends
Mughal control over much of India, Pakistan,
Afghanistan, Nepal and Bhutan.
1658 British establish permanent hold on
Later 17th century: Decline of Mughal state
in wake of campaigns against religious
Mid 18th century: British defeat French to
establish dominance in India.
May 9th 1857 Outbreak of Indian Mutiny/
First Indian War of Independence.
1858 Death of last Mughal emperor, Bahadur
Shah II, in exile in Burma. Bahadur’s sons are
killed by British troops, and India is added to
the British Empire.
July 1858 End of Indian Mutiny/ First Indian
War of Independence.