The wireless revolution and nepal and other observations by an american grown nepali
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The Wireless Revolution and Nepal And Other Observations by an American-Grown Nepali. Suresh P. Ojha Spojha2000@yahoo.com. Overview. Wireless Revolution and Nepal Need for Global Networking Amongst Nepalis Need for ICT Academic Collaboration in Nepal

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The Wireless Revolution and Nepal And Other Observations by an American-Grown Nepali

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The Wireless Revolution and NepalAnd Other Observations by an American-Grown Nepali

Suresh P. Ojha

Spojha2000@yahoo.com


Overview

  • Wireless Revolution and Nepal

  • Need for Global Networking Amongst Nepalis

  • Need for ICT Academic Collaboration in Nepal

  • Suggestions for HMG and Local Nepalis


Advent of Wireless Revolution

GPS

Mobile

Communication

Computing

Power

Internet

Wireless Revolution


Wireless Revolution

  • The convergence of mobile communications, computing power, & the Internet has given rise to the new products, applications, and global economic benefits collectively known as the Wireless Revolution

  • GPS - Global Positioning System - adds a new dynamic to the wireless revolution: services can now be linked to a precise location

GPS satellites in synchronous orbit with Earth


Wireless Advantage

  • Wireless Less Costly and Easier than Wireline to:

    • Implement

    • Maintain

    • Expand

  • Traditional Home Telephony in US and Nepal impacted by wireless

    • LMDS

    • WLL

  • “Fiber to the Curb” of the Information Superhighway in the US is still in Limbo


Wireless In Nepal

  • Wireless systems superior to Fixed-line in following ways:

    • Less costly and easier to install, especially in mountainous regions.

    • More easily Expanded

    • Are not subject to Transmission Line theft


Wireless In Nepal

  • Wireless is the “Missing Link” in Nepal IT

  • Multiple reasons why

    • Wireless Expertise is expensive

    • Wireless products are tricky to design/manufacture

    • Easier to pay a high overhead for expertise and products


What is RF and Microwave Engineering?

  • The Bridge over which ALL Wireless Traffic Crosses

  • The Very Foundation of all wireless Systems

  • RF & u-Wave engineering is the study of High Frequency circuits and systems which among other things are used in all forms of wireless communications.


Opportunities for Nepali Economy

  • Soon There Will be More Global Communications through Wireless than Wireline

  • Wireless is a HUGE part of Global Economy

    • European Wireless Market will be worth $160 Billion dollars (US) in 2010

    • “Wireless businesses today are 10% of what they are going to be in the next 20 years. There is a phenomenal upside within the wireless environment” - Edward Evans, president & COO, Dobson Communications Corp


Opportunities For Nepali Economy

  • There will be a large global demand well into the long-term future for cheap wireless gadgets

  • Nepal has one of the lowest labor rates in the world

  • Nepal is located to two of the largest markets in the world

    • China

    • India


Some Projections:

  • Nepal has ~24 Million People

  • In the Future, we should expect at least 2-3 Million Cell Phones

  • There are 1 Billion Cell Phones in the World

  • By 2006 there will be 1.5 Billion


New Course Offered at IOE of TU

  • A Hands-On Course on RF and Microwave Circuit and Systems Design

  • A World Class Teaching Laboratory Donated by Agilent Technologies

  • Students to Design, Build, Test and Measure:

    • RF Impedance Transformers

    • RF Filters

    • RF Amplifiers

    • RF Oscillators


Silicon Valley Involvement in this Program

  • Agilent Technologies Donated Has Donated a World Class Laboratory

    • 10 Seats of Advanced Design System (ADS)

    • 20 GHz Vector Network Analyzers

    • 14GHz Spectrum Analyzers

    • Two Digital Vector Modulation Signal Sources

    • Much Much More!!!!

  • Academic Involvement

    • Professor Dr. Rick Branner of UC Davis

    • Dr. Amarpal Khanna

    • Dr. Purna Subedi


Need for Global Nepali Networking

  • The Brain Drain is Natural in Nepal

  • Need a Policy of Brain Reclaim

  • NRNs and RNs Must Network Closely Because ICT Development approaches from Foreign Gov’ts and Agencies have several Drawbacks


Drawbacks of Foreign Gov’t and Agency ICT Aid

  • Lacks Integrated Approach

  • Can Lack Continuity and Coordination

    • -Budget Shortfalls Etc.

  • In many cases only 2-3 months long

    • -This is not long enough for cutting edge technologies

    • -Means Newest Technologies Will Arrive in Nepal Only After a Few Years


NRNs Have:

  • Tremendous Brain Power

  • Contacts with Leading Research Universities Throughout the World

  • Contacts with Leading ICT Companies Throughout the World

  • Great Desire to Help Nepal, Many ICT Support Organizations Already Exist

  • Ability with Some Coordination, to Support Long Term Integrated Projects!!!


Resident Nepalis Have:

  • Keen Knowledge of the state of ICT Penetration in Nepal

  • Keen Knowledge of ICT Outsourcing Capabilities

  • Ability to Swiftly Navigate the Tremendous Red Tape in Nepal


Announcing the EICT Journalwww.eictj.org

  • Tremendous Asset that will allow Nepalis, NRNs, and others to

    • Discuss Latest Technologies Helpful to Nepal

    • Understand ICT Needs and Capabilities in Nepal at Any One Time

    • Develop Synergies and Eliminate Duplication

    • Receive a periodic snapshot of ICT development efforts and issues at any given time


Need for Academic Collaboration in NepalIOE of TU and KU

  • Both the Institute of Engineering (IOE) at TU and Kathmandu University (KU) are Outstanding Organizations

  • Both Have Strengths Other Cannot Duplicate

  • The ICT Departments of Both Should Work Together for Most Efficient Development of ICT in Nepal


Case for Academic Collaboration in Nepal

  • Sharing Resources (Journals, Lab Facilities Etc.) Can Overcome Budget and Resource Limitations.

  • ICT is too Broad and Changes too Quickly for One Organization with a Limited Budget to Cover effectively

  • It is not Advisable to Expand Affiliation with Smaller Schools at this time (Only IOE & KU)


How NRNs Can Help Academic Collaboration in Nepal

  • NRNs Can Help Collaboration by:

    • Encouraging Joint Donation of Instruments

    • Providing Funds for Joint Research Projects

  • NRNs and Others MUST NOT BELIEVE Simplistic Stereotypes About Either Institution, in Particular the IOE


Suggestions for HMG and Local Nepalis

  • Streamline NRN Visa Process

  • Keep website postings w.r.t. Visa Process Current

  • Make University Donation Processes more Efficient and visible (websites etc.)

  • Be Proactive about rare opportunities for NRN involvement in critical areas


Acknowledgements

  • Agilent Technologies

  • Dr. Rick Branner UC Davis

  • Institute of Engineering at Tribhuvan University

    • Mr. Arun Timalsinna Director of MS Program

  • CAN

  • My Wonderful Students!


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