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HIDDEN FROM SIGHT. THE REALITIES OF GROWING UP IN AMERICA IN AN UNDOCUMENTED FAMILY. THE SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM. AS OF 2011, THERE ARE AN ESTIMATED 11.9 MILLION UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS RESIDING IN THE US (PEW FOUNDATION) APPROXIMATELY 1.8 MILLION ARE CHILDREN.

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HIDDEN FROM SIGHT

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Hidden from sight

HIDDEN FROM SIGHT

THE REALITIES OF GROWING UP IN AMERICA IN AN UNDOCUMENTED FAMILY


The scope of the problem

THE SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM

AS OF 2011, THERE ARE AN ESTIMATED 11.9 MILLION UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS RESIDING IN THE US (PEW FOUNDATION)

APPROXIMATELY 1.8MILLION ARE CHILDREN


Problems experienced by undocumented persons

PROBLEMS EXPERIENCED BY UNDOCUMENTED PERSONS

They face constant risk of deportation and separation from family members

They cannot legally work in the US and many thus seek documentation fraudulently

Ironically, this enables them to pay taxes and into social security, from which they won’t benefit


Problems con t

PROBLEMS (CON’T)

They tend to live in overcrowded dwellings that may be unsafe

Many are victimized by “coyotes” who maltreat and exploit them during border crossings

The majority are impoverished with limited education and job skills


Health issues

HEALTH ISSUES

6 out of 10 undocumented individuals lack health insurance vs. 25% of legal immigrants and 14% of US born

They tend to work in traditionally difficult/dangerous occupations and suffer disproportionately high rates of injuries and disease


Emotional risks

EMOTIONAL RISKS

  • Undocumented persons are especially vulnerable to depression and anxiety for several reasons:

    • Failure to succeed in country of origin

    • Restricted mobility

    • Limited financial resources

    • Marginalization, isolation

    • Fear/stress of deportation


Undocumented minors

Undocumented Minors

  • Live with the fear of their parents’ deportation

  • Suffer greater than average rates of parental substance abuse, domestic abuse, violence and sexual abuse than US-born children

  • Because English is their second language, educational success is more elusive


Minors con t

Minors (con’t.)

Despite obstacles, every year 65% graduate from US public high schools

However, only 5% go on to attend college, lacking access to federal aid or in-state tuition


The dream act

THE DREAM ACT

Several efforts since 2001 to pass The DREAM Act, the Development, Relief and Education of Alien Minors Act, have failed

This act would provide a path to citizenship for undocumented minors who meet specific residency length requirements by allowing them to join the military or receive a college education


Presidential stopgap measure

PRESIDENTIAL STOPGAP MEASURE

In 2012 PRESIDENT OBAMA ANNOUNCED A TWO-YEAR DEFERRAL FROM DEPORTATION AND ABILITY TO APPLY FOR WORK PERMITS FOR:

PERSONS YOUNGER THAN 30

WHO ENTERED THE US PRIOR TO AGE 16

POSED NO CRIMINAL OR SECURITY THREAT

WERE SUCCESSFUL ACADEMICALLY OR HAD SERVED IN THE MILITARY


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