Space exploration timeline
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 25

Space Exploration Timeline PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 139 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Space Exploration Timeline. By: Mary Claire Paddock . 1900. Konstantin Tsiolkovsky(1857-1935) was a self educated Russian scientist known as the father of cosmonautics and rocket dynamics. In 1926 he defined 16 steps for human expansion into space as part of his “Plan of Space Exploration.”.

Download Presentation

Space Exploration Timeline

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Space exploration timeline

Space Exploration Timeline

By: Mary Claire Paddock


Space exploration timeline

1900

  • Konstantin Tsiolkovsky(1857-1935) was a self educated Russian scientist known as the father of cosmonautics and rocket dynamics. In 1926 he defined 16 steps for human expansion into space as part of his “Plan of Space Exploration.”


Space exploration timeline

1914

  • In 1914 American scientist, Robert H. Goddard, had his first two patents accepted and registered. The first described a multi-stage rocket. The second described a rocket fueled with nitrous oxide. These two patents would become important milestones in the history of rocketry.


Space exploration timeline

1926

  • American professor, physicist, and inventor, Robert H. Goddard, is credited with creating and building the world’s first liquid-fueled rocked on March 16, 1926. During his life, Goddard obtained 214 patents relating to rocket design.


Space exploration timeline

1930

  • Wernher von Braun (1912 – 1977), a German-American rocket scientist was responsible for the design and realization of the deadly V-2 combat rocket for the Nazi’s during World War II. After the war, he and his team were “scooped up” and send to America. He later became a director of NASA.


Space exploration timeline

1944

On September 4, 1944, the V2 spacecraft leaves the Earth’s atmosphere during World War II. The German’s fired the V2 against Paris, but it mistakenly hit London.


Space exploration timeline

1954

On May 24, 1954, Americans launched Viking 11 for a suborbital flight from White Sands Missile Range in southern New Mexico. Viking 11 rose to 158 miles, an altitude record for a western single-stage rocket.


Space exploration timeline

1957

On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched the first earth orbiting satellite. The launch ushered in new political, military, technological, and scientific developments and marked the start of the Space Age.


Space exploration timeline

1961

On April 12, 1961, Russian cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, became the first human in space, making a 108 minute orbital flight in his Vostok 1 spacecraft.


Space exploration timeline

1961

  • Mercury Redstone 3, a U.S. manned space mission, launched on May 5,1961, from Cape Canavarel, Florida. The Mercury space craft was named Freedom 7 and was manned by astronaut Alan Shepard who beacme the first American in space. The flight was less than 16 minutes and attained an altitude of just over 116 miles.


Space exploration timeline

1967

Lunar Orbitor missions were operated by the U.S. from 1961-1967. The Lunar Orbitor programs consisted of five unmanned spacecraft which returned photography of 99% of the moon.


Space exploration timeline

1969

  • On July 21,1969, American aviator, Neil Armstrong, became the first person to set foot on the moon. When he made that step he spoke the now famous words, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”


Space exploration timeline

1971

  • On April 19, 1971, Soviets launched Salyut 1, the first space station put into orbit. It completed 362 orbits before before de-orbiting and reentering the atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean in October. It was destroyed by frictional heating during its return.


Space exploration timeline

1971

  • Mariner 9 was launched by the U. S. on May 30, 1971. On November 13, it reached Mars and became the first artificial satellite to orbit Mars. The spacecraft took 7,329 photos of the moon and stayed in orbit for 349 days.


Space exploration timeline

1972

Apollo 16 was the 10th manned mission in the United State’s Apollo program. The mission was launched on April 16, 1972, and concluded on April 27. En route to the moon, Apollo 16 astronauts took several photos of the Earth.


Space exploration timeline

1973

  • On May 14, 1973, the U. S. landed its first space station, Skylab, in order to establish a permanent foothold in space. Additionally, Skylab performed many scientific studies. In 1979 Skylab fell out of orbit and into the Indian Ocean because of increased solar activity.


Space exploration timeline

1976

  • On July 20, 1976, the Viking I Lander separated from the Orbitor and began its descent to the surface of Mars. This was the first U.S. space probe to land on another planet. Viking I released Martian images and conducted experiments studying the atmospheric and soil composition of Mars.


Space exploration timeline

1979

On March 28, 1979, Skylab, the first U.S. Space Station, presents the first satellite observations of the outer cornea of the sun. Soft x-ray images of the sun were taken with a S-054 x-ray telescope on Skylab.


Space exploration timeline

1981

  • On April 12, 1981, the first U.S. reusable space shuttle, Columbia, roared into the sky from Kennedy Space Center. Of its three components, the orbiter space plane, rocket boosters, and external fuel tank, only the fuel tank is not recovered after a mission.


Space exploration timeline

1983

  • On April 24, 1993, the United States Space Shuttle Challenger takes photographs of the Earth showing the continent of Australia.


Space exploration timeline

1986

  • On February 20, 1986, (three weeks after the Challenger disaster) the Soviets launch the world’s largest Space Station, Mir. Mir, which means both peace and world in Russian, is intended to provide a base for a permanently manned complex orbiting Earth.


Space exploration timeline

1990

On April 24, 1990, the Hubble Space Telescope was carried into orbit by the U. S. Space Shuttle Discovery. Although not the first space telescope, it was one of the largest and most versatile. The telescope was named after astronomer, Edwin Hubble. This is the only telescope designed to be serviced in space by astronauts.


Space exploration timeline

1995

  • The Galileo spacecraft was designed by the United States to study Jupiter’s atmosphere, satellites, and surrounding magnetosphere for two years. Galileo was launched on October 18, 1995, and entered Jupiter’s atmosphere on December 7, 1995. Galileo sent back valuable photos and data relating to Jupiter’s composition.


Space exploration timeline

1996

  • On December 4, 1996, the Mars Pathfinder, an American spacecraft, was launched in order to deploy the first roving probe on another planet. Rover rolled onto Mars’ surface on July 6. This mission had the primary objective of demonstrating the feasibility of low-cost landings on and the exploration of the Martian surface.


Space exploration timeline

1998

  • On November 20, 1998, the first module of the International Space Station (ISS), Zyra, was launched by Russia on a proton rocket. Two weeks later, the U. S. launched Unity, the first of three modules aboard Space Shuttle flight STS-88. Primarily a research laboratory, the ISS offered an advantage over spacecraft because of its long-term platform in the space environment, where extended studies would be performed.


  • Login