Charlotte area transit system sprinter enhanced bus project implementation
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Charlotte Area Transit System Sprinter Enhanced Bus Project Implementation. NCAMPO Conference May 2012 Travis Pollack, AICP. Presentation Overview. Definition of Enhanced Bus Development of CATS Enhanced Bus Service Characteristics Implementation of First Enhanced Bus Line Lessons Learned.

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Charlotte Area Transit System Sprinter Enhanced Bus Project Implementation

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Charlotte area transit system sprinter enhanced bus project implementation

Charlotte Area Transit SystemSprinter Enhanced Bus Project Implementation

NCAMPO Conference

May 2012

Travis Pollack, AICP


Presentation overview

Presentation Overview

  • Definition of Enhanced Bus

  • Development of CATS Enhanced Bus Service Characteristics

  • Implementation of First Enhanced Bus Line

  • Lessons Learned


Cats 2030 transit plan

CATS 2030 Transit Plan

  • 5 High Capacity Corridors

  • Blue Line LRT opened 2008

  • Streetcar recommendedfor Center City and WestCorridor to Airport

  • Projected Airport/West Corridor completion date - 2034

  • Begin “premium service” onWest Corridor in interim


What is enhanced bus

What is Enhanced Bus?

  • Runs in mixed traffic

  • Moderate to significant operations improvements

  • New vehicles

  • Improved stops/amenities (shelters, signage, including variable message signs)


What is enhanced bus1

What is Enhanced Bus?

  • Isn’t “Enhanced Bus” Bus Rapid Transit?

  • (No.)

Enhanced Bus

Bus Rapid Transit


Defining enhanced bus

Defining Enhanced Bus

  • Review of Enhanced Bus in North America: LA Metro Rapid

    • 3 to 10 min. headways

    • Some signal prioritization

    • ¾ mile stop spacing

    • Distinctive color scheme

    • Shelters and real-time info

    • Stops serve only Metro Rapid

    • 28 routes, 450 route miles


Defining enhanced bus1

Defining Enhanced Bus

  • Review of Enhanced Bus in North America: Kansas City MAX

    • 2 routes, 15 miles, 9 to 15 min. headways

    • Some exclusive lanes & signal prioritization

    • Standard shelters, signs and lighting (“monuments”)

    • Named stops


Defining enhanced bus2

Defining Enhanced Bus

  • Review of Enhanced Bus in North America: Las Vegas MAX

    • 12 miles, 2 routes, some exclusive lanes

    • Named stops, TVM, level boarding

    • Distinctive vehicle


Sprinter enhanced bus characteristics

Sprinter Enhanced Bus Characteristics

  • 10-20 min. service headways all day

  • Limited stops, possibly with signal priority

  • Consistent amenities at stops – public art, distinctive shelters, signage

  • Variable message signs at high ridership locations

  • New vehicles with hybrid technology

  • Unambiguous routing with clear route info at stops

  • Distinctive “brand” – separate from other CATS services (“Sprinter”)


Sprinter enhanced bus characteristics1

Sprinter Enhanced Bus Characteristics

  • Sprinter Manual – Elements at Stops

  • *Minimum standards only apply with zoning or other regulations prohibit Standard or Premium elements


Sprinter enhanced bus characteristics2

Sprinter Enhanced Bus Characteristics

  • Selected Stop Design


Sprinter enhanced bus characteristics3

Sprinter Enhanced Bus Characteristics

  • Selected Stop Design


Sprinter enhanced bus characteristics4

Sprinter Enhanced Bus Characteristics

  • Selected Stop Design


Sprinter implementation

Sprinter Implementation

  • Overlay or replace service?

    • Sprinter Airport replaces Rt. 5

    • Stop spacing: ½ to 1 mile (Overlay= 1 to 2 miles)

  • Analyze existing ridership, stops, existing/future markets

  • Evaluate routing

    • Efficiencies

    • Overall travel time

  • Agency & Public coordination


Sprinter implementation1

Sprinter Implementation

  • First Sprinter Line: Replace Rt. 5 to Airport

  • Analyzed O/D rider survey data, stop data

  • Findings:

    • Riders heavily transit dependent

    • Mostly connect to/from other lines

    • High proportion of work/home trips

    • Non-standard work shifts (Airport)

    • 37 stops each way – only 12 had at least 10 riders/day


Sprinter implementation2

Sprinter Implementation

  • Insert Fig. 1 map


Sprinter implementation3

Sprinter Implementation

  • Insert Fig. 1 map


Sprinter implementation4

Sprinter Implementation

  • Stop Analysis – reduced number of stops from 37 to 17

  • Need to continue service transit dependent neighborhoods, interface with other routes

  • Want competitive travel time for choice riders

  • New downtown routing – serve hotels, arena and convention center if feasible


Sprinter implementation5

Sprinter Implementation

  • Center City Route Analysis

Old Bus Rt. 5


Sprinter implementation6

Sprinter Implementation

  • Stop Site Selection: more difficult than imagined

    • Near existing signalized intersections

    • Far side of intersection (if feasible)

    • Must connect to sidewalk network (ADA)

    • Available power supply (lighting/VMS)

    • Clear sight lines

    • Away from driveways

    • If possible, at or near existing bus stop

    • If possible, within public right-of-way

    • NCDOT clear zone requirements* *(if on NCDOT controlled roadway)


Sprinter implementation7

Sprinter Implementation

420 ft.

110 ft.

210 ft.

530 ft.


Sprinter implementation8

Sprinter Implementation

  • Implementation Issues

    • Securing easement (condemnation)

    • NCDOT clear zone requirements & shelter approval

    • Duke Energy (pole, power and meter for VMS)

    • Shelter, signage & vehicle procurement

    • Approval/cooperation from other City departments

    • Contractors


Sprinter enhanced bus

Sprinter Enhanced Bus

Official Opening: September 2009


Sprinter enhanced bus1

Sprinter Enhanced Bus


Sprinter enhanced bus2

Sprinter Enhanced Bus


Sprinter airport service

Airport

Sprinter Airport Service

Route 5

AM and PM Peak

Every 30 minutes

Every 20 minutes

Mid-day and Evening

Hourly

Every 20 minutes

Night (after 7 PM)

Hourly

Every 30 minutes(hourly after 10 PM)

Weekends

Hourly

Every 30 minutes

Average Trip Time (CTC to Airport)

25 to 29 minutes

21 to 23 minutes

Number of Stops

Approximately 36 (one way)

17 (one way)


Sprinter enhanced bus results

Sprinter Enhanced Bus: Results

  • CATS Sprinter: 62% increase, FY08-FY12

  • Rest of CATS Local Bus: 2%-3% increase, FY08-FY12


Sprinter enhanced bus results1

Sprinter Enhanced Bus: Results


Sprinter enhanced bus lessons learned

Sprinter Enhanced Bus: Lessons Learned

  • Start early

    • Routing, stops, easements, procurement, outreach

  • Develop service parameters and follow them

    • Document what Enhanced Bus means, how it differs from other services

  • Consider short-term &long-term goals for service

    • Existing riders, new riders, future transit

  • It can work, and can be done inexpensively

    • CATS Sprinter: $20K to $35K per stop


Sprinter enhanced bus3

Sprinter Enhanced Bus

More information:

Travis Pollack, AICP

704.375.2438 Ext. 16

[email protected]

or CATS website:

www.ridetransit.org


Thank you

Thank you.


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