The Modern World. The Cold War The Fall of Communism. USA Suffered only a few casualties in WW2 Occupied West Germany Economically Strong Democratic – controlled by people Did not want communism to spread. USSR Suffered many casualties in WW2 Occupied East Germany Economic Struggles
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The Cold War
The Fall of Communism
Suffered only a few casualties in WW2
Occupied West Germany
Democratic – controlled by people
Did not want communism to spread
Suffered many casualties in WW2
Occupied East Germany
Communist – controlled by gov’t
Wanted to spread communismWhat Caused the Cold War?Different Ideals
Westernized with US assistance
Ayatollahs- Muslim leaders disagreed
Ayatollah Khomeini- living in exile, returned and set up an Islamic govt.
New Anti-US policies
60 US Hostages in 1979 held for 444 days
A. K. urged Muslims to overthrow their govts. (Including S. Hussein)
War b/t Iran & Iraq- US gave aid to both sides, USSR only to Iraq
Chapter 35 Sections 3 and 4
Mikhail Gorbachev instituted glasnost policy that encouraged the free flow of ideas- churches opened, released dissidents from prison, book publication by banned authors, some freedoms of the press
Large population of Muslims- declared independence in 19991-
Yeltsin denied their right to secede, dent troops and destroyed the capital
Cease fire (Yeltsin reelected) fighting broke out again
Solidarity- union led by Lech Walesa- protested to be recognized.
The economy was bad… real bad!
Communism wasn’t working, so they voted in Walesa as president
His reforms didn’t work either.
Poland elected a former communist to leadership. Alexander Kwasniewsk
He continued with free market economy and democratic reforms-
The economy is still not great, but Poland is now a full member of NATO
Mr. Gorbechez… Tear Down This Wall!
Call for Reunification
Celebration of the Fall of the Berlin Wall
Chapter 34 Section 1
Mohandas Gandhi- first nonviolent campaign for independence
Civil Disobedience: non- cooperation, boycotts, strikes, demonstrations, the Salt March.
There were two parties: Muslim League and Congress (Hindu)
Muhammad Ali Jinnah- encouraged all Muslims to resign from Congress party.
Major Concern= That the congress party would mainly protect Hindu interests.
The only thing in common was slavery to the British.
What’s up with this?
The British turned over rule to India and Pakistan
Major issue: who would have the power AND how to divide the people- Muslims & Hindus
Partitian- India divided into three regions.
Assassinated trying to urge tolerance of Muslim refugees
In all 1 million died in the summer of 1947 while moving to the partitioned areas.
Yep, that’s us!
Located in North Eastern India
Ruler was Hindu, but most of the people were Muslim
Conflict between India and Pakistan for control 1948-1949
UN cease fire- 1/3 under Pakistan’s control, the rest under India’s
Bangladesh- 1971- became a new nation after a civil war between East and West Pakistan broke out.
1 million + died in the war
India supported Bangladesh (East Pakistan)
Prime Minister following Nehru’s death 1966-1975 then from 1980 – 1984.
Sikh extremists wanted independence.
India’s army attacked their temple and she was assassinated in retaliation
Gained independence from Britain in1948
Ethnic conflicts between the Tamil (Hindus) and Buddhists
The civil war still continues today even after India has tried to help
Formation of Israel
Prime Minister 1969-1974
Born in Kiev, Ukraine and lived in Milwaukee
Zionists- part of the movement to form Israel
Various government positions
One of the world’s first female prime ministers
Yom Kippur War
The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is the most famous human rights agreement in the world. It contains 30 human rights.
With Slobodan Milosevic’s rise to power
Slovenia and Croatia declared independence in 1991
Bloody war-(Serbian Army) they remained independent
Today, SIXTY YEARS after the Declaration people around the world are:
Tortured or abused in at least 81 countries
Face unfair trials in at least 54 countries
Restricted in their freedom of expression in at least 77 countries
A New Warfare
Impacts on Our Lives
Link to video
Resolution 2 0/5-P (1.5) of the Fifth Islamic Summit
Movement organized by Kwame Nakruma (Ghana) to enable Africa to compete with the world economically
Individually they have little power- together they can do great things.
red: the blood that unites all people of African ancestry, and shed for liberation;
black: people whose existence as a nation, though not a nation-state
green: the abundant natural wealth of Africa.
What do the colors stand for?
Space shuttles, satellites, International Space Station
Impact- faster communication, shared cultures (commercial satellites), security concerns
Pathfinder on Mars
Impact- greater understanding of the world beyond ours
Possible energy sources
Smaller computer chips- cell phones, fax machines, internet, personal computers, etc
Impact- the world is becoming “smaller” What happens in other areas impact us immediately
Laser surgery, ultra sounds, MRI’s etc
Early detection and treatment of illnesses
Impact- longer life span
Isolation of individual genes, genetic engineering, cloning.
Impact- global debate on ethics
Can be used to alter society in a negative way
Increased crop yields (fertilizers and pesticides) genetic engineering of plants
Impacts- more food, BUT increased cancers , birth defects and pollutions to the environment
Promotes peace thru trade
Create jobs in lesser countries
Raises the standard of living for everyone
Loss of culture for the lesser country
Benefits the richer country more
Takes jobs from the developed country and gives it to a lower paid workersGlobalizationThe spread & diffusion of cultural or economic influences from one country to another