Government chapter 1 3 lecture
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Government – Chapter 1.3 Lecture. Basic Concepts of Democracy “No one pretends that democracy is perfect or all-wise. Indeed, it has been said that democracy is the worst form of government except all those other forms that have been tried from time to time.” Winston Churchill .

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Government – Chapter 1.3 Lecture

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Government chapter 1 3 lecture

Government – Chapter 1.3 Lecture

  • Basic Concepts of Democracy

  • “No one pretends that democracy is perfect or all-wise. Indeed, it has been said that democracy is the worst form of government except all those other forms that have been tried from time to time.”

    • Winston Churchill


Government chapter 1 3 lecture

  • American concept of democracy rests on five basic notions:

    • Recognition of the fundamental worth and dignity of every person.

    • Respect for the equality of all persons.

    • Faith in majority rule and an insistence upon minority rights.

    • Acceptance of the necessity of compromise.

    • Insistence upon the widest possible degree of individual freedom.


Government chapter 1 3 lecture

  • Worth of the Individual

    • The importance of individuals is important in American democracy

    • Each individual is a separate and distinct being

    • Needs of the Individual are only denied with they come into conflict with the needs of the many.


Government chapter 1 3 lecture

  • Equality of All People

    • Jefferson – “All men (people) are created equal”

      • Not all people are born equal

      • Not all people have right to equal wealth or position

    • All people are entitled to:

      • Equality of Opportunity

      • Equality before the law

    • People should not be held back because of:

      • Race, Religion, Color, Gender

        • Made progress, still much work left


Government chapter 1 3 lecture

  • Majority Rule, Minority Rights

    • Majority Rule – A majority will be right more often than it will be wrong, and that the majority will also be right more often often then it will be wrong

      • Will of the people is important in democracy

      • No solution government creates will satisfy all people in society

    • Minority Rights – the right of any minority to become, it it can by fair and lawful means, the majority

      • Important to protect the rights and traditions of the minority

      • Majorities can destroy the minority if they go unchecked


Government chapter 1 3 lecture

  • Necessity of Compromise

    • Compromise – the process of blending and adjusting competing views and interests

    • Government cannon function without compromise

    • There are never just two sides to an issue

    • Compromise allows majority agreement to take place


Government chapter 1 3 lecture

  • Individual Freedom

    • Complete freedom cannot exist in a democracy

      • Anarchy – absence of a government

    • Democracy requires that freedom exist as much as it can without allowing anarchy and maintaining a government

      • Libertarians

      • Order vs. Freedom debate


Government chapter 1 3 lecture

  • Responsibilities and Duties of Citizens

    • Citizen – One who holds certain rights and responsibilities within a state

    • Duties – Required of every citizen

      • Paying Taxes and Not Speeding

    • Responsibilities – Strongly encouraged every citizen do

      • Voting in Elections and Volunteering


Government chapter 1 3 lecture

  • Democracy and the Free Enterprise System

    • Free Enterprise System

      • Economic System that emphasizes

      • Private ownership of capital goods

      • Investments mad by private decisions, not government directives

      • Success or failure determined by competition in the market system

        • Four Fundamental Factors

          • Private Ownership

          • Individual Initiative

          • Profit

          • Competition


Government chapter 1 3 lecture

  • How does Free Enterprise Work

    • AKA Capitalism or Market-Based System

    • Little or no government regulation – influence in the system

      • Supply and Demand – consumer demand will set price of goods

      • US Government Does play a role in our system

        • Protect the Public

        • Preserve Private Enterprise

        • Provide Public Goods

          • Equality vs. Freedom

    • Democracy = Political System System

    • Capitalism = Economic System


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