The Judicial Branch. The American Legal System. Relevant Standards of Learning. CE.10 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the judicial systems established by the Constitution of Virginia and the Constitution of the United States by
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The Judicial Branch
The American Legal System
a) describing the organization and jurisdiction of federal and state courts;
b) describing the exercise of judicial review;
c) explaining court proceedings in civil and criminal cases;
d) explaining how due process protections seek to ensure justice.
A magistrate issues search warrants, subpoenas, arrest warrants, and summons and sets bail.
The supreme courts of the United States and Virginia determine the constitutionality of laws and acts of the executive branch of the government.
Marbury v. Madison
A court determines whether a person accused of breaking the law is guilty or not guilty of a misdemeanor or a felony.
A court settles a disagreement between two parties
The constitutional protection against unfair governmental actions and laws
U. S. District Courts
Circuit Courts of Virginia
plaintiff and defendant
Juvenile & Domestic Relations Court
Thomas, Sotomayor, Scalia, Breyer, Chief Justice Roberts, Alito, Kennedy, Kagan, Ginsberg
5th & 14th Amendments