The american legal system
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The Judicial Branch. The American Legal System. Relevant Standards of Learning. CE.10 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the judicial systems established by the Constitution of Virginia and the Constitution of the United States by

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The American Legal System

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The american legal system

The Judicial Branch

The American Legal System


Relevant standards of learning

Relevant Standards of Learning

  • CE.10 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the judicial systems established by the Constitution of Virginia and the Constitution of the United States by

    a) describing the organization and jurisdiction of federal and state courts;

    b) describing the exercise of judicial review;

    c) explaining court proceedings in civil and criminal cases;

    d) explaining how due process protections seek to ensure justice.


Student objectives

Student Objectives

  • Describe the organization and jurisdiction of courts. (CE.10a)

  • Describe the exercise of judicial review. (CE.10b)

  • Explain court proceedings in criminal and civil cases. (CE.10c)

  • Explain how due process protections seek to ensure justice. (CE.10d)


What part of the u s constitution defines the judicial branch of government

What part of the U. S. Constitution defines the judicial branch of government?

Article III


List the three levels of the united states court system jurisdiction and trial method

List the three levels of the United States court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the three levels of the united states court system jurisdiction and trial method1

List the three levels of the United States court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the three levels of the united states court system jurisdiction and trial method2

List the three levels of the United States court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the three levels of the united states court system jurisdiction and trial method3

List the three levels of the United States court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the three levels of the united states court system jurisdiction and trial method4

List the three levels of the United States court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the three levels of the united states court system jurisdiction and trial method5

List the three levels of the United States court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the three levels of the united states court system jurisdiction and trial method6

List the three levels of the United States court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the three levels of the united states court system jurisdiction and trial method7

List the three levels of the United States court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the three levels of the united states court system jurisdiction and trial method8

List the three levels of the United States court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the three levels of the united states court system jurisdiction and trial method9

List the three levels of the United States court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


What is a magistrate

What is a magistrate?

A magistrate issues search warrants, subpoenas, arrest warrants, and summons and sets bail.


List the four levels of the virginia court system jurisdiction and trial method

List the four levels of the Virginia court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the four levels of the virginia court system jurisdiction and trial method1

List the four levels of the Virginia court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the four levels of the virginia court system jurisdiction and trial method2

List the four levels of the Virginia court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the four levels of the virginia court system jurisdiction and trial method3

List the four levels of the Virginia court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the four levels of the virginia court system jurisdiction and trial method4

List the four levels of the Virginia court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the four levels of the virginia court system jurisdiction and trial method5

List the four levels of the Virginia court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the four levels of the virginia court system jurisdiction and trial method6

List the four levels of the Virginia court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the four levels of the virginia court system jurisdiction and trial method7

List the four levels of the Virginia court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the four levels of the virginia court system jurisdiction and trial method8

List the four levels of the Virginia court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the four levels of the virginia court system jurisdiction and trial method9

List the four levels of the Virginia court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the four levels of the virginia court system jurisdiction and trial method10

List the four levels of the Virginia court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the four levels of the virginia court system jurisdiction and trial method11

List the four levels of the Virginia court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


List the four levels of the virginia court system jurisdiction and trial method12

List the four levels of the Virginia court system, jurisdiction and trial method.


What is judicial review

What is judicial review?

The supreme courts of the United States and Virginia determine the constitutionality of laws and acts of the executive branch of the government.


What supreme court case established the principle of judicial review

What Supreme Court case established the principle of judicial review?

Marbury v. Madison


What is criminal law

What is criminal law?

A court determines whether a person accused of breaking the law is guilty or not guilty of a misdemeanor or a felony.


What are the steps in a criminal trial

What are the steps in a criminal trial?

  • Arrest (if probable cause is established)

  • Jail or bail

  • Arraignment (review probable cause, attorney appointed, plea entered)

  • Trial

  • Possible appeal


What is civil law

What is civil law?

A court settles a disagreement between two parties


What are the steps is a civil case

What are the steps is a civil case?

  • A plaintiff files a complaint

  • The case is heard by a judge or jury

  • Possible appeal


How are juvenile cases handled differently than those of adults

How are juvenile cases handled differently than those of adults?

  • Judges have greater latitude in handling juvenile cases

  • Juveniles who commit serious crimes can be tried as adults


What is due process of law

What is due process of law?

The constitutional protection against unfair governmental actions and laws


Where are due process protections defined

Where are due process protections defined?

  • 5th Amendment – prohibits the national government from acting in an unfair manner

  • 14th Amendment – prohibits the state and local government from acting in an unfair manner


Raise your hand to answer the following questions

Raise your hand to answer the following questions!


What is the name of the constitutional protection against unfair governmental practices

What is the name of the constitutional protection against unfair governmental practices?


What is the name of the constitutional protection against unfair governmental practices1

What is the name of the constitutional protection against unfair governmental practices?

Due Process


What was established in the supreme court case of marbury v madison

What was established in the Supreme Court case ofMarbury v. Madison?


What was established in the supreme court case of marbury v madison1

What was established in the Supreme Court case ofMarbury v. Madison?

Judicial Review


Name the levels of the federal and state courts that have a jury

Name the levels of the federal and state courts that have a jury.

U. S. District Courts

&

Circuit Courts of Virginia


The american legal system

What is the name given to the pre-trial phase during which probable cause is reviewed, an attorney is appointed, and a plea is entered?

Arraignment


What are the two sides in a civil trial called

What are the two sides in a civil trial called?

plaintiff and defendant


The american legal system

A U. S. citizen born on July 4, 1995 has been charged with breaking and entering. What court will hear this case?

Juvenile & Domestic Relations Court


What is the court of highest jurisdiction in the united states

What is the court of highest jurisdiction in the United States?


What is the court of highest jurisdiction in the united states1

What is the court of highest jurisdiction in the United States?


What is the court of highest jurisdiction in the united states2

Thomas, Sotomayor, Scalia, Breyer, Chief Justice Roberts, Alito, Kennedy, Kagan, Ginsberg

United

States

Supreme

Court

What is the court of highest jurisdiction in the United States?


What part of the constitution deals with the judicial branch

What part of the Constitution deals with the Judicial Branch?

Article III


What part of the constitution provides due process protections

What part of the Constitution provides due process protections?

5th & 14th Amendments


Follow the link below to find out more about the u s supreme court

Follow the link below to find out more about the U. S. Supreme Court.

http://www.supremecourt.gov/


Complete an a to z about judicial branch review sheet

Complete an A to Z AboutJudicial Branch review sheet


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