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Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf B stars. Mike Reed Missouri State University With help from many, including Andrzej Baran, Staszek Zola, Michal Siwak, Waldek Ogloza. Views of 3 pulsating sdB stars Each with different properties.

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Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf B stars. Mike Reed Missouri State University

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Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf B stars.

Mike Reed

Missouri State University

With help from many, including Andrzej Baran, Staszek Zola, Michal Siwak, Waldek Ogloza.


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Views of 3 pulsating sdB stars

Each with different properties.

We wish to understand them and determine how they resemble other pulsating sdB stars.


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Connecting to a larger picture:

What can we learn using Asteroseismology?

*Stellar evolutionary timescales *Cosmochronology *Stratifying of stellarinteriors *Stellar crystallization *Nuclear fusioncross sections *Masses, radii, and luminosities of stars (distance scales and population synthesis) *Diffusive processes *Convection *Neutrinos *Elementary particle physics *Helium flash *radiative levitation *binary evolution *Type I supernovae *Mass exchange and loss *Stellar magnetism *Interstellar enrichment *Electroweak theory *Core/Envelope ratios *semiconvection *Stellar equations of state *Stellar winds *Lollypop to Popsicle ratio.


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

A Radial Pulsator: l=0

The entire surface changes.


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

A Nonradial Pulsator: l=1

1 line across the surface.


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

A Nonradial Pulsator: l=2

2 lines across the surface.


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

But when many are combined....

It is hard to distinguish the mode.


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

First Goal:

Determine the spherical harmonics of pulsation frequencies to constrain models.


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Mode Identification Methods

Traditional: Frequencies and spacings: Feige 48

Binary interactions: PG1336-018


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Feige 48

Observed over several years and from multiple campaigns.


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Triplet


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Our Model Solution:

Total Mass: 0.4725 Msolar

Shell Mass: 0.0025 Msolar

Teff=29635 K (29,500+/-500)

log g = 5.518 (5.50+/-0.05)

Near core He exhaustion (0.74% by mass)

Predicted a rotation period near 0.4 days, which was detected the following year.


Binary sdb pulsator

Binary sdB pulsator

PG1336-018: Observed by WET in 1999 and 2001


Binary period is 2 4 hours the companion m5v contributes little light to the integrated flux i 81 o

Binary Period is ~2.4 HoursThe companion (~M5V) contributes little light to the integrated flux. i=81o


Pg1336 018 over 20 pulsation frequencies detected within 2500 m hz

PG1336-018Over 20 Pulsation Frequencies Detected within 2500 mHz

  • 2.4 hour orbital period.

  • Tidal forces are comparable to Coriolis force


Effects to look for

Effects to look for.

  • Eclipse Mapping

  • Tidal Influence on Pulsations


Eclipse mapping

Eclipse Mapping


L 1 m 1

l=1, m=1


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

PG1336-018

An ideal case!

~15 minute eclipses covering ~60% of the pulsator.


Eclipse data for pg1336

Eclipse data for PG1336

  • All the in-eclipse modes are new! (Except for 2.)

  • But not where we expect them to be from splittings seen in the OoE data.

  • Most modes are splittings away from OoE modes.

Results:

PG1336 eclipses do not map pulsations as we expect.


Tipped pulsation axis tidal influence on pulsations

Tipped Pulsation Axis(Tidal Influence on Pulsations)


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

A tipped pulsation axis?

  • Tidal forces exceed Coriolis force.

  • Pulsation axis will point at companion- similar to roAp stars.

  • Orbital motion will precess the pulsation axis, completing one revolution every couple hours.


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

l=2, m=1


Each tipped pulsation mode has 3 signatures

Each tipped pulsation mode has 3 signatures.

  • Number and separation of peaks in the combined FT

  • Predictable regions of like phase.

  • If divided into regions of like phase, a central peak should show up.


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

And what did we really see?


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Nothing new and/or exciting.


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Here is one!


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

What have we learned?

1 good and 1 mediocre l=1, m=1 identifications.

1 reasonable l=2, m=0 identification.

1 reasonable l=2, m=1 identification.

On to the models for PG1336!


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

PG0048: An unexpected surprise!


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Every night, something new!


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Detected a total of 29 frequencies.

But only 1 of them is detected in every good-quality run.


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Signatures of stochastic oscillations:

*Highly variable amplitudes.

*Sometimes (or often) damped below detectability

*Combinations of data have reduced amplitudes (because of phase differences)


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Simulations of stochastic oscillations


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Best fit results for PG0048:

A damping timescale if 4 – 6 hours

and a

re-excitation timescale of 13 – 19 hours.


Observational properties of pulsating subdwarf b stars mike reed missouri state university

Results:

Feige 48 solved using traditional methods.

PG1336 shows indications of inclined pulsation axis which can constrain models.

PG0048 shows indications of stochastic oscillations.


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