Evaluating public policy
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Evaluating Public Policy . Here’s are a couple questions for you…. What is the latest time at night that you have ever ridden a bike? What is the latest time that you were out without a parent?. In a city in F lorida….

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Here s are a couple questions for you
Here’s are a couple questions for you…

  • What is the latest time at night that you have ever ridden a bike?

  • What is the latest time that you were out without a parent?


In a city in f lorida
In a city in Florida…

A young man under the age of 17 was taken into police custody for riding his bike at 2 in the morning.

Why do you think he was arrested?


City ordinance
City Ordinance

  • The city had passed an ordinance on juvenile curfew

    • Who qualifies as a “juvenile”?

    • What is a “curfew”?

A curfew is a restriction on people’s movements, restricting the right to be outdoors or in public places during certain times of day.

A juvenile refers to a youth; typically defined as anyone under the age of 18.


What does a juvenile curfew do
What does a juvenile curfew do?

  • Juvenile curfew laws restrict the time juveniles can be outdoors or in public places in a specific geographic location

  • For example:

POSTED

NO JUVENILES ALLOWED AT THE MOVIES PAST 9:00 P.M.


What s the deal
What’s the deal?

  • Why do you think cities might have juvenile curfew ordinances/laws?


Ordinance v law
Ordinance v. Law

  • Ordinances impact those on a local level.

    • These result from needs of the specific community

    • These ordinances only apply to those in the city.

State Law

  • Laws impact people on a state level

    • Laws impact everyone in the state.

City Ordinance


The supremacy clause article vi section 2
The Supremacy Clause(Article VI, Section 2)

United States Constitution

If there is a conflict between a lower law and a higher one, the higher one “prevails.”

Acts of Congress

Federal laws

The U.S. Constitution is the “Supreme Law of the Land.”

State Constitutions

State Statutes (laws)

City and County Laws/ordinances


Juvenile curfew ordinance
Juvenile Curfew Ordinance

  • You are going to be handed Sections 14-26 of a real Juvenile Curfew Ordinance

  • In your group, review and analyze your assigned section of the ordinance.

  • In your group, create a visual presentation (illustrated poster) to teach the class about your section of the ordinance.


Public policy
Public Policy

When is the best time to have an impact on public policy – be it local or state?

BEFORE it becomes policy!

Where do policies come from?

YOU, the constituent!

How do you impact public policy?

  • City or county commission meetings

  • School Board meetings

A constituent is somebody living in an area where they are represented by elected persons.


What kinds of issues are on the agenda
What kinds of issues are on the agenda?

  • What kinds of issues do you think are on the agenda for your city council?

    • Budget

      • Funding for homeless shelters, community centers, and animal shelters

    • Skateboarding in public areas

    • Funding for community parks

    • Ordinances for pets – leash laws, vaccinations, dog parks


Your turn to testify
Your Turn to Testify!

  • You will be divided into 6 groups and assigned a position on the juvenile curfew ordinance.

  • Your group will be testifying in front of the “city commission” based on your assigned position.

  • You will be asking for one of 3 things:

    • Adopt the ordinance as it is written

    • Amend the ordinance

    • Dispose of the ordinance entirely


You will be assigned to one of the following groups and positions on the topic of juvenile curfew

In support of the ordinance:

You will be assigned to one of the following groups and positions on the topic of Juvenile Curfew:

Businesses Against Crime

Will present testimony in support of the ordinance with specific changes.

Community Watch Group

Will present testimony in support of the ordinance.

Police officers Association

Will present testimony in support of the ordinance.


In opposition to the ordinance
In opposition to the ordinance:

Parents Against Government Intrusion

Will present testimony opposing the ordinance.

American Civil Liberties Union

Will present testimony citing constitutional implications/violations.

Teens Against Curfews

Will present testimony opposing the ordinance.


Working in your groups, develop your case for or against the city ordinance about the juvenile curfew .

  • You will be presenting in front of the “city council”, so be sure to:

  • Cite the ordinance

  • Make clear arguments for or against the ordinance

  • Be clear about whether you want to:

    • Adopt the ordinance as it is written

    • Amend the ordinance

    • Dispose of the ordinance entirely


The supremacy clause article vi section 21
The Supremacy Clause city ordinance about the juvenile curfew .(Article VI, Section 2)

United States Constitution

If there is a conflict between a lower law and a higher one, the higher one “wins.”

Acts of Congress

(federal laws)

The U.S. Constitution is the “Supreme Law of the Land.”

State Constitutions

State Statutes (laws)

City and County Laws


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