BIOCHEMISTRY. CHEMISTRY OF LIFE. Elements : simplest form of a substance - cannot be broken down any further without changing what it is Atom : the actual basic unit - composed of protons, neutrons, and electrons. THE ATOM.
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ATOMIC # = 2 (PROTONS)
ATOMIC MASS = 4 (PROTONS & NEUTRONS)
SHARING IS CARING!
Facts about Acids
Facts about Bases
C12 H22 O11 + H2 O ---> C6 H12 O6 + C6 H12 O6
AN R GROUP IS ANY GROUP OF ATOMS – THIS CHANGES THE PROPERTIES OF THE PROTEIN!
It is thought that, in order for an enzyme to affect the rate of a reaction, the following events must take place.
substrate -------------> product
1. pH - the optimum (best) in most living things is close to 7 (neutral)
2. Temperature - strongly influences enzyme activity
3. Concentrations of Enzyme and Substrate