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Экология стран Балтии - настоящее и будущее. PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Экология стран Балтии - настоящее и будущее. Глобальные проблемы человечества:. ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКАЯ ДЕМОГРАФИЧЕСКАЯ ПРЕДОТВРАЩЕНИЕ ТРЕТЬЕЙ МИРОВОЙ ВОЙНЫ ЭНЕРГЕТИЧЕСКАЯ СЫРЬЕВАЯ ПРОДОВОЛЬСТВЕННАЯ ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ МИРОВОГО ОКЕАНА ПРЕДОТВРАЩЕНИЕ ОТСТАЛОСТИ РАЗВИВАЮЩИХСЯ СТРАН

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Экология стран Балтии - настоящее и будущее.

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  • :

  • (The main attention of the German authorities

  • focused on the following

  • Environmental Problems):

  • (reducingenvironmental

  • pollution)

  • (rationaluse ofdrinking water)

  • (recyclingdomesticwaste)

  • (the use of

  • alternative energysources)

(Germany)



Denmark

Capital - Copenhagen

Area 43 000 km

Population - 5 500 000

Official language Danish

Currency Danish krona

Political system Constitution monarchy

Head of State the King (Queen)


(Denmark)

: 10 %

Woods:

:

Climate:Moderate sea

:

Problems of ecology EmissionCO2,

Power consumption

: ,

Decision:Wind energy, solar power


Sweden

Capital: Stockholm

Area: 449 962 km

Population: 8 900 000

Official language: Swedish

Flag

Arms

National currency: Swedish krone

State structure: Constitutional monarchy

Head of State: the King of Sweden

Political system: Parliamentary democracy


(SWEDEN)

449 964 2

Area 449 964 km2

54%

Forests 54%

16%

Mountains 16%

11%

Bogs 11%

9% ( 100 000 )

Rivers and lakes 9%(about 100 000 lakes)

8%

Croplands 8%

2 %

Built-up areas 2%


The Ecological Problems

1. .

Contamination of water objects.

2. . Nuclear energyinfluence

:

1. .

2. .

1. .

2. .

3. .

1.Block closing of the nuclear stations.

2.Setting the Solar batteries.

3.Creation of experimental houses without heating devices.

1.Separate collection of liquid and hard phase of wastes.

2.Cleaning treatment are in every village.



FinlandCapital HelsinkiArea 337 000 kmPopulation 4 700 000Official language Finish andSwedishCurrency EuroPolitical system Parliamentary DemocracyHead of State The President


Finland

- . - 8% 30%.

Forests-dense coniferous and pine forests. Water-rivers and lakes 8%Bogs-30%

- , ,.

Environmentalproblems-waterpollution, recycling nuclear waste, energy solving.

- .

Solutions- cleaning treatmentin the rock.


RussiaCapital MoscowArea 17 075 400 kmPopulation 141 927 296Official language RussianCurrency roublePolitical system Presidential Parliamentary RepublicHead of State The President


(Russia)

  • ,

  • .

  • CLIMATVARIED, FROM ARTIC TO SUBTROPICAL.

  • ,

  • .

  • RELIEFPREDOMINATE PLAINS, MOUNTAINS ARE IN THE SOUTH

  • AND IN THE EAST.

  • :

  • , ,

  • AIR AND WATER POLLUTION, RADIATION;

  • SALINIZATION,

  • SOIL POLLUTION;

  • LOSING BIOINEQUALITY.


-

- .


:



.



Dudergofskie Heights


1992 . - 61,7 .

-.

- .


:




:


!

  • .

  • : , , , , , , , , , , ;

  • : , , , , , .


Strel`ninskiy Coast


1992 . 53 .

, .

- .



- ,

- .



!

, , ; , - , , , , ; , , , ,


Park Sergievka


1992 . - 120 .

-.

- .


:


:


:


!

, , , , , , , , ; , , -, , , ,


Yuntolovskiy Wildlife Preserve


1990 . - 976,8 .

- .

.


- , .


- , - ( ).


- .

- 150 ;

13 .


-

-


90 ;

4 .


( 19 ) ( ).


!

  • - , -, , , , ; - , , , , ; , , , , , , -, , , .


Komarovskiy Coast


1992 . - 180 .

- .

.



- . - ( ).


139 :

23

33 - .

3 - .

1 - .


-



!

, . - , , -,


Gladyshevskiy Wildlife Preserve


1996 . - 8419 ( 765 - -, 7654 - .)

.


:


- ( ).


25 :

:



:


:



!

  • - -

  • 25 1 .

  • : , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


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