Ethics in Research involving Human Subjects Dr. Walid S. Abdelkader Head of Preventive Medicine and Primary Care Division IMC Feb. 2009 www.imceg.com. Nazi Medical War Crimes (1939–1945).
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Ethics in Research involving Human SubjectsDr. Walid S. AbdelkaderHead of Preventive Medicine and Primary Care DivisionIMCFeb. 2009www.imceg.com
Medical Research involving human beings have created a lot of potential pitfalls that led to tragedies in the last century.
The Nuremberg Code
(no specific mention of children, unconscious people, or others who may not be competent to give consent)
The World Medical Association (WMA) has developed the Declaration of Helsinki as a statement of ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects, including research on identifiable human material and data. The first version was adopted in 1964 and has been amended six times since, most recently at the General Assembly in October 2008. The current (2008) version is the only official one.
1 - Autonomy (Respect for the person)2 - Beneficence (Do Good) 3 - Non-malfeasance (Do No Harm)4 - Justice
Egypt is an excellent pool for medical research due to :