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The Affective Domain: The role of emotions, attitudes, and motivation in teaching and learning






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The Affective Domain: The role of emotions, attitudes, and motivation in teaching and learning. 2012 CTE Summer Institute on Teaching and Learning.
The Affective Domain: The role of emotions, attitudes, and motivation in teaching and learning

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Slide 1

The Affective Domain:The role of emotions, attitudes, and motivation in teaching and learning

2012 CTE Summer Institute on Teaching and Learning

Slide 2

Emotion and Cognition are inextricably linked and perhaps never entirely separate, distinctive nor pure. ~William James

The separation of the head from the heart has contributed to a fractured education system that produces minds that do not know how to feel and hearts that do not know how to think. ~Parker Palmer

Slide 3

I’ve come to the frightening conclusion that I am the decisive element in the classroom. It’s my personal approach that creates the climate. It’s my daily mood that makes the weather. As a teacher, I possess tremendous power to make a student’s life miserable or joyous. I can be a tool of torture or an instrument of inspiration. I can humiliate or humor, hurt or heal. In all situations, it is my response that decides whether a crisis will be escalated or de-escalated and a student humanized or de-humanized.

~HaimGinott

Slide 4

What makes us human?

  • Language / Communication

  • Emotions

  • Homo Sapiens (wise man)

  • Sentient Beings (conscious)

  • Epistemology (scientific method)

  • Empathy

  • Reflexive Mind = Symbolic Interaction

    • The symbolic world

    • The symbolic self

Slide 5

The Reflexive Mind

  • Humans are defined by Symbolic Interaction

    • Language / Communication = Symbolic

    • Epistemology (meaning is emergent / contextual)

    • Associations / Appropriations / Attributions

    • Defining the Situation (schemas / mental models)

Slide 6

The Reflexive Mind

  • Locus of our central nervous system

    • Mirror Neurons = Empathy

    • Symbols mediate our experience

  • Thomas Theorem = Mind over Matter

    • Placebo effect

    • Self-fulfilling prophesies

    • Halo effect

    • Reification

    • Pygmalion in the classroom

Slide 7

Significance of the Affective Domain

  • A strong relationship between affect and memory – evolution?

  • A strong relationship between affect and student engagement = motivation, confidence

  • A strong relationship between affect high impact activities = deep / significant learning

  • A strong relationship between affect and self identity = self-esteem

Slide 8

What is the Affective Domain?

  • Motivations

  • Moods

  • Feelings

  • Emotions

  • Attitudes

  • Beliefs / Values

Slide 9

Yerkes / Dodson Law

Slide 10

What is the Affective Domain?

  • Motivations

  • Moods

  • Feelings

  • Emotions

  • Attitudes

  • Beliefs / Values

  • Choice / Power

  • Communication

    • Syllabus

    • 1st day of class

  • Relevance / Need / Value

  • Enthusiasm

  • Priming

  • Humor

  • Group activities (T/P/S)

  • Community

  • Competition

Slide 11

What is the Affective Domain?

  • Motivations

  • Moods

  • Feelings

  • Emotions

  • Attitudes

  • Beliefs / Values

  • Compelling examples

  • “Real” examples

  • Emotional contagion

  • Re-Define situations

  • Small group activities

  • Role playing

  • Group processing

  • Reflection papers

  • Learning log

Slide 12

What is the Affective Domain?

  • Motivations

  • Moods

  • Feelings

  • Emotions

  • Attitudes

  • Beliefs / Values

  • High Impact activities

    • The first day of class

    • Learning Communities

    • Service Learning

    • PBL / TBL

    • Under Grad. Research

    • Internships/Externships

    • Study Abroad

Slide 13

What is the Affective Field?

  • The space around people and their environment.

    • Lighting

    • Color

    • Architecture

    • Climate

    • Configuration

    • Sound

Slide 14

What is the Affective Field?

The space between the people engaged

in an interaction

Show Compassion / Empathy

Be Authentic (be yourself)

Be Non-Judgmental

Be Personable (get to know them; vice versa)

Be strict, but fair

Attend to nonverbals

Extend the benefit of the doubt

  • Safety

  • Trust

  • Respect

  • Power

  • Communication

Slide 15

Implications for course / curriculum design

  • Communication -verbal, written and body

  • High impact activities

  • Small group work / learning communities

  • Service learning

  • Self – assessment

    • (reflection papers, learning logs, etc.)

  • Group processing

  • Capstone courses / learning portfolios

Slide 16

Additional Tips

  • Share your Teaching Philosophy

  • Tell stories - embellish

  • Provide guidelines / rationale

  • Frequency reduces awkwardness

  • Incremental / escalating success builds confidence

  • Make relevant to life and career

Slide 17

Additional Resources

Teaching and Learning in Affective Domainhttp://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/index.php?title=Teaching_and_Learning_in_Affective_Domain

Learning and Affective Behaviorshttp://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/learning/affective.html

Affective Domain and Learning Objectives http://curriculum.fullcoll.edu/FC%20Documents/Measurable%20Verbs/Instructional%20Objective%20Verbs%20--%20Affective%20Domain.pdf

Bloom’s 3 learning Domainshttp://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/bloom.html

The Role of Emotion in Memoryhttp://www.memory-key.com/NatureofMemory/emotion.htm


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