The italian school system
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The Italian School System. …and the reforms being made…. CATERINA RUNFOLA. Modernization and reorganization of the public school system. DELEGATION TO LOCAL GOVERNMENT The Law no. 59 of 15 March 1997 and the decree 112 of 31 March 1998 confer:. Delegation to the Regions: .

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The Italian School System

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The italian school system

The Italian School System

…and the reforms being made….

CATERINA RUNFOLA


Modernization and reorganization of the public school system

Modernization and reorganization of the public school system


The italian school system

DELEGATION TO LOCAL GOVERNMENT The Law no. 59 of 15 March 1997 and the decree 112 of 31 March 1998 confer:

  • Delegation to the Regions:

  • - The programming of integrated education between schools and professional training

  • - The programming of school networks

  • - The subdivision of areas into ambits

  • - The evaluation of needs and malfunctions of schools, and of proposed activities and suggestions

  • - The school calendar

  • - Contributions to private schools

  • Promotional activities


The italian school system

DELEGATION TO LOCAL GOVERNMENT The Law no. 59 of March 15, 1997 and the decree 112 of March 31, 1998 confer:

  • Delegation to the Provinces and to the Local Municipalities:

- The founding, aggregation, fusion and suppression of schools

- Plans for organization of school networks

- Support activities for problem students (handicap or social drawback)

- Plans for the utilization of school buildings and facilities

- Promotional activities in agreement with schools

- Cessation of lessons due to grave emergencies

- Education of adults

- Integrated intervention of school and professional guidance

- Actions that favour equal opportunities of learning aimed at supporting students passing from one order of school to another

- Actions which prevent failure and dropping out

- Actions of Health Education


The law of march 15 1997 no 59 art 21 bassanini

The Law of March 15, 1997 no. 59 art. 21 ( Bassanini)

  • Outlines school autonomy

  • Transfers functions from the central authority to the peripheral organs

  • Increases authority and power of schools

  • Provides for reorganization

  • Confers legal status from Sept. 9, 2000


School autonomy the art 21 of the law of march 15 1997 no 59 confers

School Autonomy The art. 21 of the law of March 15, 1997 no. 59 confers:

  • Autonomy in didactics and organization

  • Financial Autonomy

  • Autonomy in research, experimentations and develoment


The italian school system

Didactics autonomy


The regulation of autonomy the decree dpr march 8 1999 no 275

The Regulation of Autonomy The decree DPR March 8, 1999 no. 275

  • Introduces the integrated planning of didactics and finances

  • Provides for the formulation of the POF (framework of the formation offered by a school), which is carried out by aiming at OBJECTIVES and it is developed in PROJECTS

  • Sets up the control of the administrative and accounting regularity outside the school


The italian school system

The POF Art. 3 of the decree DPR 275/99 declares:

The POF is thefundamental document which constitutes the cultural and planning identity of a school

FIELD OF APPLICATION (the school)

DURATION (long-term, referred to a course of studies)

STARTING DATE ( the date of adoption by the Council of the School Institute )

CONTENTS : curricular plans, extra-curricular projects, formative and organizational planning

In the POF there is the exercise of all aspects of school autonomy:

DIDACTICS – ORGANIZATION – COSTS- RESEARCH


The italian school system

THE POF: subjects and procedures

  • ALL COMPONENTS of the school

  • THE PRINCIPAL stimulates the necessary relations with external subjects that are to be involved

  • THE COUNCIL OF THE SCHOOL INSTITUTE decides on the policy to be followed in selecting school activities, in making decisions regarding administration and management

  • THE TEACHING BODY ELABORATES

  • THE COUNCIL OF THE SCHOOL INSTITUTE ADOPTS


The italian school system

ORGANIZING AUTONOMY


Autonomy in research experimentation and development

Autonomy in research, experimentation and development


Financial autonomy regulation of accounting the decree d i no 44 of february 1 2001 sanctions

Financial autonomy: REGULATION OF ACCOUNTING The decree D.I. no. 44 of February 1, 2001 sanctions:

THE FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT ORGANIZED BY OBJECTIVES AND PROJECTS

  • Separation between school functions and managing activities

  • Autonomy in designating available resources

  • Contractual autonomy


The italian school system

The Reform of the school system (By the law no. 53 of March 28, 2003 and the Decree D.L.vo or Feb. 19, 2004 no. 59)

MIUR


Table of norms

Employment agreement

Law Bassanini

Law on State exams

Law on School Autonomy

Law 112

Regulation on autonomy

Law on compulsory education

Regulation on compulsory education

Law 440 on the extension of learning opportunities

Law 196

Law 144 on compulsory formation

Reform Law M.P.I

Regulation on compulsory formation

Law on new orders of school

Law on equal opportunities of learning

Five year program to gradually bring on the reform

Resolution of the House of Representatives

Resolution of the Senate of the Republic

Table of Norms


The italian school system

Reform of the school system The Law no. 53 of March 28, 2003 and the decree D.L.vo of Feb. 19, 2004 no. 59 sanction:

  • FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES

  • Promotion of the growth and the value of human life

  • Unity and coherence of the entire school system

  • Integration of the school system with professional training

  • Promotion of learning at all moments of life

  • Equal opportunities that enable all to reach the highest levels of culture and to develop abilities and competences

  • Development of historical awareness and of the sense of belonging to the local community, to the national community and to the European civilization

  • Raising the level of education and professional formation

  • Integration of the disabled

  • Personalizing the formative pathways

  • Promotion of the role of the family


The italian school system

Reform of the school system The Law no. 53 of March 28, 2003 and the decree D.L.vo of Feb. 19, 2004 no. 59 sanction:

ACCOMPANYING ACTIVITIES AND MEASURES:

  • Education and formation becomes a right and duty for at least 12 years;

  • Anticipated admission to pre-primary school and to primary school;

  • Computer studies;

  • Acquisition of linguistic abilities (in English and a in second European community language);

  • College education required for all teachers;

  • Arrangement of a national department of assessment;

  • The possibility to alternate school and work


The italian school system

Reform of the school system The Law no. 53 of March 28, 2003 and the decree D.L.vo of Feb. 19, 2004 no. 59 sanction:

  • Infant school or pre-primary school which lasts 3 years

  • A cycle of primary education which lasts eight years and combines the former elementary school (now called primary) and the former middle school (now called Level 1 Secondary education) with the abrogation of the intermediate exam at the end of elementary school;

  • The subdivision of the first cycle of education in two-year courses, proceeded and followed by an initial year (in primary school) and a final year (in the Level 1 of secondary school)

  • A state exam to be admitted to the second cycle of education;

  • The subdivision of the second cycle into the lycèe or high school system (dependent on national government) and the vocational and training system (dependent on regional government);

  • The structure of the lycée system divided into eight courses

  • The duration of the regional vocational and training courses: three or four-year courses, to the qualification certificate exam;

  • Possibility of changing courses of studies and passing from one school to another


The reform of the first cycle of education

The reform of the first cycle of education

PORTFOLIO

S.O.L.

Tutor!!!

CURRICULUM


Infant school pre primary school

Infant School (pre-primary school)

25 - 48 hours

weekly

5 days

a week

875 - 1400

Hours a year

25/28 students

per class

September 1st

June 30th


Common general education

Common General Education

Primary school

-ex elementary school-

First year

Two-year course

Two-year course

Level 1 Secondary education – ex middle school -

Two-year course

Last year

State exam


First cycle of education from 6 to 14 years of age

First cycle of education – from 6 to 14 years of age

Total hours annual

891 + 99 + 330 hours

Weekly total hours

27 – 30 - 33 - 40 ore

TUTOR

Docente tutor

Specific objectives of learning

(S.O.L..)

For branches of learning

Personalized plan of studies

Portfolio of personal

competences


Upper secondary education

Upper secondary education

In the Italian school system


The italian school system

Classical Lycée

Technological Lycée

Art Lycée

Lycée of life sciences

Language Lycée

Business Lycée

Mathematics and Science Lycée

Music Lycée


Objectives of lycees

OBJECTIVES OF LYCEES

Objectives:

  • Transformation of “learning” into “knowledge” and “culture”

  • Knowledge and abilities as essential mediatores in cultivating an open, free and critical spirit


The italian school system

The structure in professional training


Objectives of vocational and professional training schools

OBJECTIVES OF VOCATIONAL AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING SCHOOLS

OBJECTIVES:

  • Promote “knowledge” and “culture” by passing those notions and abilities necessary to master required competences in technical and professional fields.


General principles

GENERAL PRINCIPLES

  • Rights and musts of education and formation

  • The Republic assures everyone the right to a full education and formation for at least 12 years ( up to 18 years of age)

  • Flexibility between different schools (passage from a lycèe course to a professional one and vice versa)


The structure

THE STRUCTURE

  • REVISION OF THE 5TH TITLE OF THE CONSTITUTION

  • AUTONOMY

  • UNI EN ISO 9001:2000 NORM


Revision of the 5th title of the constitution

REVISION OF THE 5TH TITLE OF THE CONSTITUTION

  • Devolution

  • Transfer of authority to the Regions, to the Provinces and to the Local Municipalities


Autonomy

AUTONOMY

  • Didactics

  • Administration

  • Management


The uni en iso 9001 2000 norms

The UNI EN ISO 9001:2000 Norms

  • Quality as a means of management and improvement

  • Control of activities

  • Measuring and monitoring data


The profile of the student

THE PROFILE OF THE STUDENT

  • IDENTITY

  • CULTURAL MEANS

  • CIVIL COMMUNITY LIFE


Identity

IDENTITY

A) Self awareness

B) Relating with others

C) Vocational guidance


Cultural means

CULTURAL MEANS

  • Elaborating an autonomous learning method

  • Reasoning on the why’s and the how’s in solving practical and abstract problems

  • Mastering expressive means

  • Having solid abilities in the use of the Italian language

  • Critical knowledge of mathematical concepts

  • Interpreting a work of art


Civil community life

CIVIL COMMUNITY LIFE

  • Knowledge of the organization of the country and the duties of a citizen

  • Awareness of the values and the rules of the democratic life

  • Respect, care and improvement of the environment

  • Knowledge of the values that inspire the community regulations


The classical lyc e

The Classical Lycée

  • The CLASSICAL LYCEE studies the classical civilization and linguistic, historical and philosophical knowledge

  • Provides thoroughness of method

  • Provides the means to take up any university studies


The classical lycee

THE CLASSICAL LYCEE

  • 924 hours for the first two years

  • 957 hours for the second two years

  • 858 hours for the fifth year


Warning to navigators

Warning to navigators

“It is necessary to learn to navigate in an ocean of doubts between archipelagoes of certainties” ( E. Morin)


The italian school system

Thank you for your attention

Mara Bonitta Administrative Director Primary School Maniago ( PN)

Maria Audenzia Bufalo Headteacher Primary -1st Secondary School “Roncalli” Burgio (AG)

Caterina Runfola Administrative Director Licée “Banfi” Vimercate ( MI)


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