Articulation
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Articulation. F. Markovich. Some thoughts to start. Most instruments have slurs. Woodwind and brass instruments don’t tongue notes to slur, strings use one direction of the bow to sound many notes, on guitar it is hammers, pulls, bends, slides etc. that add that.

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Articulation

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Articulation

Articulation

F. Markovich


Some thoughts to start

Some thoughts to start

  • Most instruments have slurs. Woodwind and brass instruments don’t tongue notes to slur, strings use one direction of the bow to sound many notes, on guitar it is hammers, pulls, bends, slides etc. that add that.

  • Can be used to play faster. Also the articulation helps to convey other ideas other than staccato (detached) articulation the most common on guitar.

  • Santana uses this quite a bit as he started on violin and this most closely imitates what a violin would do.


First part is hammer and pulls

First part is hammer and pulls

  • Take you time, these are tough to start with.

  • Did all triplets – many players use these examples for exercises.

  • Also do a double time (1/16th note triplets).

  • Can add to excitement in solo’s.

  • Next page has scale that this is based off of.

  • We will go through many of these but you should spend time at home on them as we won’t go through them all for sake of time

  • Excellent exercises to develop finger dexterity


Scale

Scale

  • G Dorian built off of the F major scale in the D form of the major scale.

  • We will play through this a few times before attempting the slurs (hammers and pull offs).


Articulation

As you saw on the slide 2 before there are at least 2 ways to finger this scale. Santana used mainly this way. One reason why is that it is very close to what he would use for a blues in G.

Modern Jazz players would use the next page as an the fingering. Both work but this one will work better with Santana’s songs.

A third method used by modern rock guitarists is the 3 notes per string. We won’t be playing that in this class. But it is on the page 2 below this so you can work on it if you want.

Pick the notes with first all down, then all up then down up (Alternate picking) Latter try hammers going up the scale and pull offs coming down the scale.

G Dorian

1 1

1 1 2 2 1 1

3 3 4 4 3 3

4 4 4


Articulation

Circled notes are the notes in the chord.

As a reminder for notes in the chord:

ChordNotes

GmG Bb D

Gm7 G Bb D F

CC E G

C7C E G Bb

D7D F# A C

AmA C E

Am7A C E G

E7E G# B D

Formula for major chord: 1 3 5

Formula for 7th chord: 1 3 5 b7

Formula for minor chord: 1 b3 5

Formula for minor 7th chord: 1 b3 5 b7

G Dorian

1 1

1 1 2 2 1 1

3 3 4 4 3 3

4 4 4


Articulation

These are all pull offs. Use 4th finger, 3rd index. Pick the first note and pull off for the other notes.


Articulation

A nice turn to this.


Some high level examples

Some high level examples

  • Learn the each one and by using the previous examples make up another 6 to 8 of each.

  • Then combine ones to develop whole new ideas. For example, take the first ½ of a measure of one and the 2nd ½ of another measure and put them together.

  • Use the other forms of the scale – even use other scales.

  • The variations are almost endless. If you add tapping, sliding, bending etc. to these the options really increase quickly.


Some examples from santana

Some examples from Santana

  • First on few are from Evil Ways.


Articulation

First Measure of the solo

Start by counting to 3 before playing any notes. Then this whole first section is off of the G Dorian we just did. First note is a G (1st string 3rd fret – index finger) to a Bb first string 6th fret. (pinky finger). Best if hammered on.


From jingo solo

From Jingo Solo


Articulation

Pull off on all of these.

This section is like a stutter.


Articulation

Pull off – very fast for this section. Just start slow and work it up.

Use pinky, middle, index fingers.


One from black magic woman

One from Black Magic Woman


Articulation

End

  • This finishes the first part of articulation. There are a number of other techniques that I will cover for the future.

  • Slides and bends will be covered next.

  • This is really just the start of this topic in many ways. s


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