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AIR STRIPPING. The removal of volatile contaminants from water and contaminated soils. Air Stripping Tower Use. Air Stripping Towers. Some column internals. Clockwise from top left: Packing, bubble caps, mist eliminator, sieve tray. Case Study: TCE Contaminated Site Remediation.

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AIR STRIPPING

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Air stripping l.jpg

AIR STRIPPING

The removal of volatile contaminants from water and contaminated soils


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Air Stripping Tower Use


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Air Stripping Towers


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Some column internals

Clockwise from top left: Packing, bubble caps, mist eliminator, sieve tray


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Case Study:

TCE Contaminated

Site Remediation


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Henry’s Law

Henry's Law states that the amount of a gas that dissolves into a liquid is proportional to the partial pressure that gas exerts on the surface of the liquid. In equation form, that is:

  • where,

  • CA = concentration of A, [mol/L] or [mg/L]

    • KH =equilibrium constant (Henry's Law constant), [mol/L-atm] or [mg/L-atm]

    • pA =partial pressure of A, [atm]

See also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry's_law


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Example: Solubility of O2 in Water

Although the atmosphere we breathe is comprised of approximately 20.9 percent oxygen, oxygen is only slightly soluble in water. In addition, the solubility decreases as the temperature increases. Thus, oxygen availability to aquatic life decreases during the summer months when the biological processes which consume oxygen are most active. Summer water temperatures of 25 to 30°C are typical for many surface waters in the U.S. Henry's Law constant for oxygen in water is 61.2 mg/L-atm at 5°C and 40.2 mg/L-atm at 25°C. What is the solubility of oxygen at 5°C and at 25°C?


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Solution O2 Solubility Example

At 50C the solubility is:

At 250C the solubility is:


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Air Stripping Example

An air stripping tower, similar to that shown, is to be used to remove dissolved carbon dioxide gas from a groundwater supply. If the tower lowers the level to twice the equilibrium concentration, what amount of dissolved gas will remain in the water after treatment? The partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is 10-3.7 atm.

Example 4.2 from Ray


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Solution Air Stripping Example

Henry's Law constant for carbon dioxide = 1.14L/L Divide by RT, i.e. 1.14/(0.083x288) = 0.048 =10-1.3 mol L-1atm-1 The equilibrium solubility is then:

Answer = 0.9 mg/L CO2


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Two-film partitioning in gas-liquid

ys*

Bulk

liquid

Cs*

Bulk

liquid

Bulk

gas

ys

Cb

Cs

Cb

yb

yb

ys

Cs

Bulk

gas

ys*

Cs*

Absorption

Stripping


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Mass transfer calculations

Henry’s law applies because of equilibrium at interface:

ys = HCs

Fick’s law applies: flux is proportional to the driving force

JA = kL(Cb – Cs) – kg(ys – yb)


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Relationship of transfer coefficients

Another approach is that all the resistance to transfer is in the liquid phase, so

yb= HC*s

Alternatively all the resistance to transfer could be in the gas phase, so

ys* = HCb

Mass flux based on water phase, substitutions, and applying Henry’s law to liquid concentrations leads to

1/KLa= 1/kLa + 1/Hkga

Similarly1/KGa= H/kLa + 1/kga


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