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肾功能不全 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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安徽省级精品课程 ------- 汪思应主持. 肾功能不全. Wang siying. 概述. 肾的生理功能 1. 泌尿功能 : 主要包括滤过、排泌、重吸收 2. 内分泌功能:分泌肾素、前列腺素、红细胞生成素、 1 , 25- 二羟维生素 D 3 ;并使某些激素,如胃泌素、甲状旁腺素灭活。. 概念 指 肾内和肾外疾病引起肾泌尿功能严重障碍,代谢产物不能充分排出而蓄积体内,并有水、电解质和酸碱平衡失调以及 肾内分泌功能障碍 的病理过程。. 分类 根据发生速度分急性、慢性两类,出现明显中毒症状者称尿毒症。. 急性肾功能不全.

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肾功能不全

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Wang siying


1.:

2.125-D3





1. DIC

2.

3.


,,;

-;

-;

;

;

DIC


1. ATPNa+-K+-ATPase

2.

3. GSH


1.

2.

3.


1.

1

2

3


2.

ADH

3.

NPN-

4.


5.

1K+

2


.

1.400ml/d

A

B

C

D


2.

3.


400ml/d-1000 ml/d

1.

2.

3.


1.

2.



;


1.


2.


3.


1.

ADH


2

3

4


2.

NPN

3.

1

2

3

4) H+HCO3-


5

GFRGFR


A.

B.C

C.VitD3

D.


A. ;

B. ;

C. 1,25-OH2-D3;

D. H+



4.

-


5.



uremia





Kussmaul



1

2

3. -


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1.

2.

3.

4.

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