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JAPAN LECTURE. Janice Agosto and EDM. Instructions. Fill in the gaps to this Lecture PowerPoint. Write 6 summary paragraphs based upon the lecture and the PowerPoint regarding the 6 lenses of PERSIA. Be sure to have a topic sentence in each paragraph

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japan lecture

JAPAN LECTURE

Janice Agosto and EDM

instructions
Instructions
  • Fill in the gaps to this Lecture PowerPoint.
  • Write 6 summary paragraphs based upon the lecture and the PowerPoint regarding the 6 lenses of PERSIA. Be sure to have a topic sentence in each paragraph
  • Create viable Thesis statements in regard to Japanese history.
ersia
ERSIA

P

olitical

  • Korean migrants impacted agriculture by importing rice, bronze, and metals
  • Japan’s staple food then became rice, wheat, and yams
possible thesis statements
Possible Thesis Statements
  • “If you can control the agriculture, you can practically control the society”
  • “Without food there would be no politics”
p clan systems
P: Clan Systems

>>By the 6th century, islands were ruled by different clans.

>>Shah- King of Kings

Clan System

p continued
P: continued
  • Ruled through Kami [God] worship
  • Yamato clan

>>Stole a lot of beliefs from Chinese [T’ang Dynasty and Sui Dynasty]

>>There came a movement to centralize power

>>Claimed to be the best

>>Aristocratic clans claim to own everything even if that may not be the case

>>Chinese styled bureaucracy

>>Support of Confucianism and Buddhism

>>Capital located to Nara, a complete replica of Chinese capital [Chang ‘an]

>>Chinese “hegemony”- people try to replicate gov’t, system, movement, etc.

p continued1
P: continued
  • Fujiwara

>>700s-1185

>>Longevity [staying to power]

  • Confucianism takes over era

-classics

-poetry

-decorating [interior]

-paintings

-pursuit of refinement

  • Takes place from warrior class to imperial class
  • Experienced warrior class would eventually take over and start BAKUFU [tent government]
  • Japan becomes military government [1100-1500]
p continued2
P: continued
  • Minamoto

>>starts shogunate

>>new capital Kamakura [present day Tokyo]

>>other ‘capital’ –Kyoto

>>Bakufu- have a good study of European Feudalism

>>Military is gaining support from social class

>>The concept “Position not wealth” was thrown out by Tent Government

>>Local Lord- Daimyo

>>Centralized Government falling; local lords have their own military

p continued3
P: continued
  • ToyotomiHideyoshi

>>Unifying general

>>Remembers the rule: To gather support and rule a country- you must have a common enemy

>>Japanese hegemony over China and Korea

>>1600: China and Korea starts looking to Japan for ‘wisdom’

>>1603: Tokugawa Shogunate

>>Moves capital to Edo [ancient name for Tokyo]

>>1603-1867: Japan is culturally unified through a military system

>>Alternative Attendance Policy “keep you enemies closer”

  • Daimyo

>>Religioncapital

>>Weakened political power

p continued4
P: continued
  • The Dutch

>>Traders get kicked out with exception of the Dutch

  • Miracle of Perry [Commander Matthew Perry]

>>1850s forces Treaty of Kawagawa

>>Demands trade w/ America

>>Leads to dominance of Japan in war

>>Unequal Treaty benefited Japan

p rsia
P RSIA

E

conomic

  • Japan and T’ang Dynasty

>>Feudalism was heavily dependant on poor labor force [peasants]

>>Knights owned land

>>Samurais did not

>>Land Use Rights: You can use it, but it’s not passed down

>>Limited ability to pass down land

>>Land was not as important to Japan as in Europe

>>Strong loyalty to Daimyo who owns the land

>>Daimyos lost power due to Alternate Attendance Policy

>>Gained more time to focus on “farmville”

>>Surge of population takes place

e continued
E: continued
  • European

-increases trade

-Portuguese comes and trades w/ Japanese within ports

-lords living within coasts becomes richer due to more trade with Portuguese

-This upsets balance

-Portuguese creates stronger Japanese gov’t by their trading

-Religion also bought by Portuguese

-Japanese didn’t pay much attention to it

-The Japanese were only interested in trading

DOING IT FOR PROFIT NOT FOR THE PROPHET~~haha get it?

e continued1
E: continued
  • Growth in cities
  • Urbanization
  • Consensus policy decides how everything is done, everyone has to agree on something
  • Taxing farmers lingered
  • Commander Mather Perry

>>Miracle of Perry

>>Made Japanese open ports

>>Unequal Treaty- one side forces other to sign a treaty

>>UK started war over the use of Opium

>>China obtained port Hong Kong, UK had to return it due to the treaty

e continued2
E: continued
  • Meiji Era

>>Japan becomes an Imperialistic gov’t

>>1860s- end of WWII

  • Expansionism

>>Pearl Harbor attack December 7th 1941

>>As a result US declared war on Japan and attacked Germany

>>America told Japan to dump military, and instead got better at technology

pe sia
PE SIA

R

ELIGION

  • Religion becomes tool for politics
  • Religion- group/congregation
  • Belief- individual
r continued
R: continued
  • Shintoism

- native religion of Japan

- worship of ancestors and natural forces

-polytheistic

  • Once Buddhism came in, Shintoism decreased
  • Reemerges as top religion on 1868 in Japan
  • Shintoism then becomes official state religion, making the Emperor a ‘God’
  • Emperor Worship lasted from 1868- end of WWII
r continued1
R: continued
  • Used as a political tool
  • 1945- McArthur promoted US style democracy
  • Religion is officially separated from gov’t in 1947 constitution
per ia
PER IA

S

ocial

  • First Japanese novel written by Japanese woman
  • Living by the Bushido Code [chivalry]
  • Harikari- ritualized suicide for honor
  • Feudalism diminished Chinese influence
  • Confucian influence
  • Merchants became economically higher but socially lower
  • Rice trade influenced merchants’ wealth
  • Rice- wealthiest
  • Silk- 2nd
  • Sake- 3rd
  • Pawn Brokers- 4th
s continued
S: continued
  • Shift from military society to civil society
  • Samurais falling
  • Status defined by clothing
  • Money is not highly valued, class is
  • Perry creates civil war
  • Perry un-isolates Japan
  • Japanese learns western ways all too well
  • Imperialism dies down in western world after the war
  • In Japan it happened otherwise
  • Japanese learns western weaponry
  • Decides to take on Russia 1900-1905
s continued1
S: continued
  • WWII social changes due to McArthur
  • Heian Era- strong Chinese influence
  • WWII officially ends 1970
  • Turbo boats created
  • Politics capital- Tokyo
  • Imperial House capital- Kyoto
  • Started building roads and societies along the roads
  • 1600s- increase use of abortion
pers a
PERS A

I

ntellectual

  • Perry creates catalyst

>education

>military organizations

>industrialization

>nationalism and superiority

  • Japanese leap-froggedUnited States [they took our ideas, skipped mistakes, and made it better]
persi
PERSI

A

rts

  • Architecture based upon China’s
  • Temples built by Japanese surpassed China’s original
  • China has just been LEAP-FROGGED
  • MunsukiShikibu

>>first novel

>>Tale of Genji

  • Neo-confucianism
  • Modification of social classes
  • Poetry, novel, satire, kabuki theatre
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