Japan lecture
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JAPAN LECTURE. Janice Agosto and EDM. Instructions. Fill in the gaps to this Lecture PowerPoint. Write 6 summary paragraphs based upon the lecture and the PowerPoint regarding the 6 lenses of PERSIA. Be sure to have a topic sentence in each paragraph

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JAPAN LECTURE

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Japan lecture

JAPAN LECTURE

Janice Agosto and EDM


Instructions

Instructions

  • Fill in the gaps to this Lecture PowerPoint.

  • Write 6 summary paragraphs based upon the lecture and the PowerPoint regarding the 6 lenses of PERSIA. Be sure to have a topic sentence in each paragraph

  • Create viable Thesis statements in regard to Japanese history.


Ersia

ERSIA

P

olitical

  • Korean migrants impacted agriculture by importing rice, bronze, and metals

  • Japan’s staple food then became rice, wheat, and yams


Possible thesis statements

Possible Thesis Statements

  • “If you can control the agriculture, you can practically control the society”

  • “Without food there would be no politics”


P clan systems

P: Clan Systems

>>By the 6th century, islands were ruled by different clans.

>>Shah- King of Kings

Clan System


P continued

P: continued

  • Ruled through Kami [God] worship

  • Yamato clan

    >>Stole a lot of beliefs from Chinese [T’ang Dynasty and Sui Dynasty]

    >>There came a movement to centralize power

    >>Claimed to be the best

    >>Aristocratic clans claim to own everything even if that may not be the case

    >>Chinese styled bureaucracy

    >>Support of Confucianism and Buddhism

    >>Capital located to Nara, a complete replica of Chinese capital [Chang ‘an]

    >>Chinese “hegemony”- people try to replicate gov’t, system, movement, etc.


P continued1

P: continued

  • Fujiwara

    >>700s-1185

    >>Longevity [staying to power]

  • Confucianism takes over era

    -classics

    -poetry

    -decorating [interior]

    -paintings

    -pursuit of refinement

  • Takes place from warrior class to imperial class

  • Experienced warrior class would eventually take over and start BAKUFU [tent government]

  • Japan becomes military government [1100-1500]


P continued2

P: continued

  • Minamoto

    >>starts shogunate

    >>new capital Kamakura [present day Tokyo]

    >>other ‘capital’ –Kyoto

    >>Bakufu- have a good study of European Feudalism

    >>Military is gaining support from social class

    >>The concept “Position not wealth” was thrown out by Tent Government

    >>Local Lord- Daimyo

    >>Centralized Government falling; local lords have their own military


P continued3

P: continued

  • ToyotomiHideyoshi

    >>Unifying general

    >>Remembers the rule: To gather support and rule a country- you must have a common enemy

    >>Japanese hegemony over China and Korea

    >>1600: China and Korea starts looking to Japan for ‘wisdom’

    >>1603: Tokugawa Shogunate

    >>Moves capital to Edo [ancient name for Tokyo]

    >>1603-1867: Japan is culturally unified through a military system

    >>Alternative Attendance Policy “keep you enemies closer”

  • Daimyo

    >>Religioncapital

    >>Weakened political power


P continued4

P: continued

  • The Dutch

    >>Traders get kicked out with exception of the Dutch

  • Miracle of Perry [Commander Matthew Perry]

    >>1850s forces Treaty of Kawagawa

    >>Demands trade w/ America

    >>Leads to dominance of Japan in war

    >>Unequal Treaty benefited Japan


Summary paragraph

Summary Paragraph


P rsia

P RSIA

E

conomic

  • Japan and T’ang Dynasty

    >>Feudalism was heavily dependant on poor labor force [peasants]

    >>Knights owned land

    >>Samurais did not

    >>Land Use Rights: You can use it, but it’s not passed down

    >>Limited ability to pass down land

    >>Land was not as important to Japan as in Europe

    >>Strong loyalty to Daimyo who owns the land

    >>Daimyos lost power due to Alternate Attendance Policy

    >>Gained more time to focus on “farmville”

    >>Surge of population takes place


E continued

E: continued

  • European

    -increases trade

    -Portuguese comes and trades w/ Japanese within ports

    -lords living within coasts becomes richer due to more trade with Portuguese

    -This upsets balance

    -Portuguese creates stronger Japanese gov’t by their trading

    -Religion also bought by Portuguese

    -Japanese didn’t pay much attention to it

    -The Japanese were only interested in trading

    DOING IT FOR PROFIT NOT FOR THE PROPHET~~haha get it?


E continued1

E: continued

  • Growth in cities

  • Urbanization

  • Consensus policy decides how everything is done, everyone has to agree on something

  • Taxing farmers lingered

  • Commander Mather Perry

    >>Miracle of Perry

    >>Made Japanese open ports

    >>Unequal Treaty- one side forces other to sign a treaty

    >>UK started war over the use of Opium

    >>China obtained port Hong Kong, UK had to return it due to the treaty


E continued2

E: continued

  • Meiji Era

    >>Japan becomes an Imperialistic gov’t

    >>1860s- end of WWII

  • Expansionism

    >>Pearl Harbor attack December 7th 1941

    >>As a result US declared war on Japan and attacked Germany

    >>America told Japan to dump military, and instead got better at technology


Summary paragraph1

Summary Paragraph


Pe sia

PE SIA

R

ELIGION

  • Religion becomes tool for politics

  • Religion- group/congregation

  • Belief- individual


R continued

R: continued

  • Shintoism

    - native religion of Japan

    - worship of ancestors and natural forces

    -polytheistic

  • Once Buddhism came in, Shintoism decreased

  • Reemerges as top religion on 1868 in Japan

  • Shintoism then becomes official state religion, making the Emperor a ‘God’

  • Emperor Worship lasted from 1868- end of WWII


R continued1

R: continued

  • Used as a political tool

  • 1945- McArthur promoted US style democracy

  • Religion is officially separated from gov’t in 1947 constitution


Summary paragraph2

Summary Paragraph


Per ia

PER IA

S

ocial

  • First Japanese novel written by Japanese woman

  • Living by the Bushido Code [chivalry]

  • Harikari- ritualized suicide for honor

  • Feudalism diminished Chinese influence

  • Confucian influence

  • Merchants became economically higher but socially lower

  • Rice trade influenced merchants’ wealth

  • Rice- wealthiest

  • Silk- 2nd

  • Sake- 3rd

  • Pawn Brokers- 4th


History is one big nasty accident

“HISTORY IS ONE BIG NASTY ACCIDENT”

- Mr. DeMott


S continued

S: continued

  • Shift from military society to civil society

  • Samurais falling

  • Status defined by clothing

  • Money is not highly valued, class is

  • Perry creates civil war

  • Perry un-isolates Japan

  • Japanese learns western ways all too well

  • Imperialism dies down in western world after the war

  • In Japan it happened otherwise

  • Japanese learns western weaponry

  • Decides to take on Russia 1900-1905


S continued1

S: continued

  • WWII social changes due to McArthur

  • Heian Era- strong Chinese influence

  • WWII officially ends 1970

  • Turbo boats created

  • Politics capital- Tokyo

  • Imperial House capital- Kyoto

  • Started building roads and societies along the roads

  • 1600s- increase use of abortion


Summary paragraph3

Summary Paragraph


Pers a

PERS A

I

ntellectual

  • Perry creates catalyst

    >education

    >military organizations

    >industrialization

    >nationalism and superiority

  • Japanese leap-froggedUnited States [they took our ideas, skipped mistakes, and made it better]


Summary paragraph4

Summary Paragraph


Persi

PERSI

A

rts

  • Architecture based upon China’s

  • Temples built by Japanese surpassed China’s original

  • China has just been LEAP-FROGGED

  • MunsukiShikibu

    >>first novel

    >>Tale of Genji

  • Neo-confucianism

  • Modification of social classes

  • Poetry, novel, satire, kabuki theatre


Summary paragraph5

Summary Paragraph


Thesis statements related to japan

Thesis Statements related to Japan


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