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Indian English. Indian English. Indian English. Indian English. Indian English. General Features. Became pervasive in 18 th century when Christian schools were established Associate official language. Phonological Features. Literal pronunciation - We d nesday, si ll y Flapping

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Indian english

Indian English

Indian English

Indian English

Indian English

Indian English


General features
General Features

  • Became pervasive in 18th century when Christian schools were established

  • Associate official language


Phonological features
Phonological Features

  • Literal pronunciation

    - Wednesday, silly

  • Flapping

    - park, great

  • Stressed suffix

    - readiness


Lexical features
Lexical Features

  • Body-bath, head bath

  • to condole (to send one’s condolences)

  • Rains (rainy season)

  • Guru (teacher)

  • Pundit (expert)

  • to breathe one's last/leave for one's heavenly abode (to pass away)

  • co-brother (ones’ wife’s sister’s husband)


Syntactic features
Syntactic Features

  • Yes/no at the sentence final as a question

    - You are from Japan, yes?

    - He was helping you, no?

  • ‘isn’t it?’ as a general tag question marker.

    - They are coming tomorrow, isn’t it?

  • Progressive ‘have’ and ‘know’

    - He is having three books.

    - You must be knowing my brother.


Discourse style
Discourse Style

  • ‘kind’ and ‘good’ as politeness markers

    - kind information/presence/attention…

    - “May I know your good name, please?”

  • Simultaneous talk

  • Shake your head when you strongly AGREE!


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