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E waste contains toxic substances and requires proper disposal. Since the start of use of domestic electrical appliances in private households in Germany, the country has been gradually developing its laws governing the management of e-waste.

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E-waste Management in German

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E waste management in german

E waste contains toxic substances and requires proper disposal. Since the start of use of domestic

electrical appliances in private households in Germany, the country has been gradually developing its

laws governing the management of e-waste.

Development of E Waste Management in

Germany

Before 1972

Germany started to use domestic electrical

appliances in private households in the

early fifties. In the late sixties, the use had

taken off. In this period, electronic devices beyond TVs, radios and tape recorders, stereo equipment and

video players, were not common in the households. The municipalities were in charge of waste

management including e-waste. E-waste was collected and disposed of untreated with other wastes on

the landfills.

In the Late Eighties and Early Nineties

In 1985, the stratospheric ozone hole was discovered. To prevent stratospheric ozone depletion, the

PuWaMA(public waste management authorities) started collecting and treating cooling and freezing

equipment. This was the first e-waste specific activities. According to statistics, in 1988, almost every

West German household had a refrigerator, and two thirds had a freezer.

The 1994 Substance Cycle Act

In the 1994 Substance Cycle Act, e-waste was not yet addressed specifically. However, the Act was the

base for the collection, treatment and disposal of e-waste between 1994 and 2006. Under the Act, the

PuWaMA are responsible for the collection, transport, treatment and disposal of e-waste. Private

consumers generally had to pay fees when handing in e-waste at the municipal collection point.

The European WEEE Directive and the German “ElektroG”

In 2003, the WEEE Directive was enacted in the EU. In 2005, the directive was transposed into German

legislation via adoption of the ElektroG. According to the ElektroG, the PuWaMA are responsible for the

collection of e-waste. Final holders and distributors can return WEEE from private households free of

charge. The producer shall organize and finance the logistics, treatment and disposal of this waste.

In July 2012, recast of WEEE Directive entered into

force, known as WEEE II. The new Directive

introduces an open scope. Currently it is being

transposed into German law via the amended


E waste management in german

version of the ElektroG.

German Exceeds the Requirement

Under the old WEEE Directive, each member state must achieve an collection rate of at least 4kg per

person per year from private households. Germany’s collection rates ranged from 6.3 to 9.4 kg per capita

from 2006 to 2010.

WEEE II sets relative collection rates that from 2016 to 2018 the target rate will be 45 percent of the

average weight of electrical and electronic devices placed on the market in the preceding three years.

And in 2010, the collection rate in Germany surpassed 45 percent.

Germany generates about 150,000 tonnes of cable waste each year. Therefore, cable recycling in high

demand. We offer a range of copper cable granulators for breaking down cables into copper granules

and insulation granules separately. The test has showed that the separation rate is 99% approximately.


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