Providing global public goods
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Providing global public goods. Finance, Compliance, Governance. No ‘ one-size-fits-all ’ solution. Not all public goods are the same Different costs Different benefits Different architectures for provision States do not have the same preferences

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Providing global public goods

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Providing global public goods

Providing global public goods

Finance, Compliance, Governance


No one size fits all solution

No ‘one-size-fits-all’ solution

  • Not all public goods are the same

    • Different costs

    • Different benefits

    • Different architectures for provision

  • States do not have the same preferences

    • Because they perceive the goods differently

    • Because they are not equally developped

    • Because they have different governments


Different methods of supply

Different methods of supply

  • Single best effort

    • Can be supplied unilaterally

    • Examples: vaccine, landing on the moon,...

  • Weakest link

    • Depends on the states that contribute the least

    • Examples: smallpox eradication, fight against terrorism,...

  • Aggregate efforts

    • Depends on the combined efforts of everyone

    • Examples: climate change


Who pays

Who pays?

  • Taxes or voluntary contributions?

  • Unilateral or multilateral funding?

  • Issues of justice and equity:

    • Capacity to pay

    • Grandfathering

    • Retributive justice

    • Relationship between the contributors and the beneficiaries?


Sovereignty as an obstactle for the provision of global public goods

Sovereignty as an obstactle for the provision of global public goods?

  • Since the Peace of Westphalia, international relations are based on the principle of sovereignty.

  • Is this institutional framework still adequate given the multiplicity and diversity of actors?

  • Issues of trust

  • Contested institutions


Sustainable development as a paradigm for cooperation

Sustainable development as a paradigm for cooperation

  • Collaborative decision process

    • Other actors than states are associated

  • Definition of collective preferences

    • Not just an aggregate of individual preferences

  • Justice and equity

    • As conditions of sustainable agreements

  • Burden and responsibility sharing

    • Different conceptions of equity


Compliance

Compliance

  • Sanctions

    • Do sanctions work?

    • What kind of sanctions?

  • Incentives

  • Balance between a stronger provision and a larger participation


Ultimately

Ultimately

  • Do global public goods, as a concept, advance the provision of these goods?

    • How is the concept useful in the global governance debate?

    • Can it help policy-makers view the goods differently?


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