DNA, genes, and mutations. DNA and genes. The nucleotide sequences are used to encode information that is used to make proteins and enzymes The order of the base pairs can be read my strands of RNA and carried to ribosomes to make molecules. Codons to Protiens.
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ACGATGCGGTACGTAC . . . is the sequence, broken into codons looks like . . .
ACG ATG CGG TAC GTA C . . .
ACG ATG CGG TAC GTA C
Thr-Met-Arg-Tyr-Val . . .
However, the sequence starts with a start codon (ATG) and ends with a stop codon (TAA TAG TGA)