How the Bible Came to Us. The Birth of the Bible. Some General Comments about the Bible. “Bible” comes from the Greek bibli,a meaning “books.” The Bible is indeed a collection of books: written over a period of 1500 years by 40 different human authors
The Birth of the Bible
The earliest forms of Bible books were written on scrolls.
Papyrus scrolls were made by gluing sheets end to end.
The writing was usually done on one side and arranged in columns 3 to 4 inches wide.
These scrolls varied in size, but were usually no longer than 35 feet and about 10 inches high.
Scrolls gave way to the codex.
This was a book with leaves or pages, the forerunner of books as we know them today.
The codex was much easier to read from than the scroll.
One book could now contain the four gospels or Paul’s letters...and eventually the whole Bible.
Christians were some of the first to make extensive use of the codex for their scriptures.
Pentateuch (Genesis to Deuteronomy) - 5
History (Joshua to Esther) - 12
Poetry (Job to Song of Solomon) - 5
Major (Isaiah to Daniel) – 5
Minor (Hosea to Malachi) – 12
This arrangement is derived from the Latin Vulgate and LXX.
Law (Genesis to Deuteronomy) - 5
Prophets - 21
Former (Joshua, Judges 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings)
Latter (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the Twelve)
Writings - 13
Song of Solomon
1 and 2 ChroniclesArrangement of the English and Hebrew Scriptures
Different order, same books!
Overview of the OT