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Ancient Egypt Vocabulary. Menes. King of Upper Egypt who overthrew the king of Lower Egypt and unified Egypt. Unification. The joining of separate parts, such as kingdoms, into one. . Pharaoh.

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menes
Menes

King of Upper Egypt who overthrew the king of Lower Egypt and unified Egypt.

unification
Unification

The joining of separate parts, such as kingdoms, into one.

pharaoh
Pharaoh

The title used by the rulers of ancient Egypt . At first the word pharaoh meant “where the king lived”, however after time it was known as the title of the king of Egypt. The first pharaoh is Menes.

old kingdom
Old Kingdom

Lasted from 2700B.C. E. to 2200B.C. E. The time when early pharaohs worked to unify Egypt.

memphis
Memphis

Located in Lower Egypt, Menes made this the capital of Egypt.

mummification
Mummification

Is when they preserve a pharaohs’ body then wrapped them in cloth. It was done to preserve the body by embalming and drying.

khufu
Khufu

Pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid in about 2600 BCE. It took about 22 years to build.

hieroglyphics
Hieroglyphics

Symbols or signs that stand for words or letters

pyramids
Pyramids
  • Huge stone structure that were built as tombs, or burial places, for the pharaohs.
papyrus
Papyrus
  • A kind of paper made from papyrus, a reed plant growing along the Nile River, that the ancient Egyptians used for writing.
rosetta stone
Rosetta Stone
  • A group of soldiers found this stone near the city of Rosetta in Egypt. It has the same passage carved in three kinds of writing:
  • Demotic (late Egypt)
  • Ancient Greek
  • Hieroglyphics
economy
Economy
  • Making Bread
  • The way a country manages money and resources for the production of goods and services.
label your blank map
Label your blank Map

Nile River

Red Sea

Delta

Upper Egypt

Lower Egypt

cataract
Cataract
  • Steep rapids in a river. (very shallow and rocky) Hard for boats to pass through.
6 cataracts of the nile river
6 Cataracts of the Nile River

Label them on your

map, by drawing a

line.

Why did Cataracts make it

hard for Egyptians to

trade from North to South?

the blue nile
The Blue Nile

Flows northeast out of Lake Tana

expedition
Expedition
  • Group of people who go on a trip for a specific reasons/purpose.
  • Travel up and down the Nile River to trade with other cities.
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