Critical Thinking Lecture 5a Fallacies. By David Kelsey. Fallacies. A fallacy is a mistake in reasoning. Examples:. An argument from outrage is given when inflammatory words are followed by a conclusion. Examples:. When a person becomes angry she can become illogical in two ways :
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
By David Kelsey
An argument from outrage is given when inflammatory words are followed by a conclusion.
When a person becomes angry she can become illogical in two ways:
1. Mistaking rhetoric for argument
2. Displacing angerThe argument from outrage
Argument by force
Trying to get someone to accept some claim by threatening her.
Argument from pity
Evoking compassion to cause a mistake in reasoning.
Examples:More fallacious reasoning
A guilt trip occurs when guilt is evoked to get someone to accept a claim.
to accept a claim simply because it would be pleasant if it were true.
Believing in God existsGuilt trips and Wishful Thinking
The group think fallacy occurs when one substitutes pride of membership in a group for reason and logic in arriving at some claim.
Examples of groups:
when national pride leads one to blind endorsement of a country and its policies.
Examples:The group think fallacyand Nationalism
Argument from common practice
when someone justifies some action on the grounds that it is common.
Argument from tradition
when someone justifies some action on the grounds that it is tradition.
Example:Arguments from common practice andfrom tradition
to think that one and the same factual claim can be both true for one person or culture and false for another.
Two Wrongs make a Right:
When someone performs a wrong action and you retaliate with another wrong action.
Examples:Relativism fallacy &two wrongs make a right