What was the impact of weltpolitik on international relations
Download
1 / 19

What was the impact of Weltpolitik on international relations? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 560 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

What was the impact of Weltpolitik on international relations?. Recap quiz. What was Weltpolitik ? Whose idea was it? What were the aims? What effect did it have inside Germany? What response did it provoke from other countries? . Drift towards alliances.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha

Download Presentation

What was the impact of Weltpolitik on international relations?

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


What was the impact of Weltpolitik on international relations?


Recap quiz

  • What was Weltpolitik?

  • Whose idea was it?

  • What were the aims?

  • What effect did it have inside Germany?

  • What response did it provoke from other countries?


Drift towards alliances

  • 1879 Dual Alliance (Germany and Austro-Hungary)

  • 1882 Triple Alliance (Germany, Austro-Hungary, Italy)

  • 1894 Franco-Russian Alliance

  • 1902 Anglo-Japanese Alliance

  • 1904 Entente Cordiale (Britain and France)

  • 1907 Triple Entente (France, Russia, Britain)


The Alliances in 1914


What problems will Germany have in the event of a war?


A British comment in 1904 on the newly-formed Entente Cordiale


Germany’s General Moltke, 1911

“It may safely be assumed that the next war will be a war on two fronts. Of our two enemies, France is the most dangerous and can prepare the most quickly….”


  • This is General Von Schlieffen


The Schlieffen Plan

  • In 1914 Germany was worried that war with France was extremely likely. If war broke out Russia would aid her ally.

  • Germany wanted to avoid a war on 2 fronts!


  • Your task: to advise the general on a military plan for how the German army can fight Russia and France and beat them BOTH


  • what action should Germany take?

  • IDEAS:

  • Split army? Why? Why not?

  • Attack one country first? Why? Why not?


Things to Consider

  • Germany shares a border with France and Russia

  • You are worried about fighting both at the same time

  • Russia has a large army but may take a long time to mobilise (get her army ready)

  • The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and Switzerland are neutral (not on either side)

  • Great Britain has promised to defend Belgium if attacked

  • Switzerland is very mountainous but Belgium is flat

  • France has built fortifications along the border with you.


The Plan

  • Germany would act first and attack France quickly, defeat her and then turn to attack Russia.

  • Von Schlieffen believed that if France was attacked quickly they would surrender before Russia had had a chance to attack Germany.

  • The plan was to attack France through Belgium with 90% of Germany’s army would be used to defeat France while the remaining 10% would defend against Russian attack


Problems with the Schlieffen Plan

  • No plan to fight a war against Russia only. Germany had to attack France first

  • It was assumed Belgium would not resist

  • It was assumed Britain would remain neutral

  • It was assumed Russia would take 6 weeks to organise itself

  • It was assumed France would be easily defeated.


What was France’s plan?

What was Britain’s plan?


Did war plans make war more likely?

  • “The war came about mainly because of railway timetables”

    A.J.P. Taylor


ad
  • Login