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Understanding Cultures: Your Own and Others. Consensus reality of a group How we agree to create our reality Ways of thinking, feeling , speaking, acting Obvious aspects and hidden aspects Hidden aspects outnumber obvious aspects by 1000 to 1

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understanding cultures your own and others
Understanding Cultures:Your Own and Others
  • Consensus reality of a group
  • How we agree to create our reality
  • Ways of thinking, feeling , speaking, acting
  • Obvious aspects and hidden aspects
    • Hidden aspects outnumber obvious aspects by 1000 to 1
  • High priority beliefs = values, the roots or foundation of culture
cultural ties that bind
Cultural Ties that Bind
  • Values people think are most important
  • Heroes and heroines people admire because they personify those values
  • Myths and stories about them
  • Rituals people engage in, either every day or on special occasions
  • Networks that connect people
  • Symbols everyone recognizes as shortcuts for expressing all these other elements
essentials of cultural communication
Essentials of Cultural Communication
  • How we do things communicates our:
    • Beliefs and values
    • Norms – do’s and don’ts
    • Informal, unspoken rules
    • The ways we communicate include:
    • Symbols
    • Slogans
    • Metaphors
    • Myths & stories about heroes & heroines
essentials of cultural communication4
Essentials of Cultural Communication
  • Media Used to Communicate:
    • Networks of relationships
    • The grapevine
    • Written and electronic means
  • The Teaching/Learning Methods Used:
    • Education and Training
    • Correction and Direction
    • Role Modeling
10 major cultural differences
10 Major Cultural Differences
  • I’m controlled or I control?
    • I’m controlled
    • I control
    • Choices for control?
    • Inner problem or Situational Problem
  • Us-First or Me-First?
    • Us-first
    • Me-First
    • Key to People Interactions
    • Collectivist or individualist
    • Happiness?
    • Cut the Apron Strings or not?
    • Individual differences within a culture
10 major cultural differences6
10 Major Cultural Differences
  • Tight Ties or Loose Ties?
    • Many ties that bind = Us-First
    • Loose Ties = Me-First
  • Achievement-First or People-First?
    • People-First = connecting,cooperating= feminine aspect
    • Achievement-First = focus on competition, “things” = masculine aspect
10 major cultural differences7
10 Major Cultural Differences
  • Equality or Not?
    • Inequality = rank/status cultures
    • Equality = democratic cultures
  • Take Risks or Play it Safe?
    • Play it safe
    • Take risks
10 major cultural differences8
10 Major Cultural Differences
  • Time: Dive-Right-In or Step-by-Step?
    • Dive-Right-In Time
    • Step-by-Step Time
  • Space – Come Close or Back Off?
    • Come close space
    • Back off space
10 major cultural differences9
10 Major Cultural Differences
  • Communicating – Direct or Indirect?
    • Using go-betweens & implied messages
    • Going to the person & getting to the point
  • How We Make Money = Dependence Level
    • Agricultural Economy = dependent worldview
    • Industrial economy = independent world view
    • Post-industrial economy = interdependent worldview
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