The history of the english language
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The History of the English Language. Research paper. Copy this thesis on to a card. It is the last sentence of your introduction. The English language developed over a long period of time and is divided into three periods: Old English, Middle English, and Modern English (Beers, 55). and M.

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The History of the English Language

Research paper


Copy this thesis on to a card. It is the last sentence of your introduction.

  • The English language developed over a long period of time and is divided into three periods: Old English, Middle English, and Modern English (Beers, 55).

  • and M


Standard

  • 1.2 Understand the most important points in the history of English language and use common word origins to determine the historical influences on English word meanings.


Choosing a website

  • .Org (non-profit)

  • .Edu (education)

  • .gov (government)

  • Better than .com

  • www.bibme.org

  • Google I feel lucky


Research Question

  • How did the English language develop and why is it the largest in the world?


Thesis Statement

  • The English language developed over a long period of time and may divided into three periods: Old, Middle, and Modern English.


etymology

  • The study of word origins or the history of a word

  • (www.brainpop.com)


Map of Europe


England


The Celts Old English #1

  • Celtic language first in Britain.

  • Scots, Irish, Welsh descendants of Celtic


Romans: Julius Ceasar

They spoke Latin; He conquered, but they did not leave their language since Rome was falling.

  • Romance Languages: French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian.


#1Old English begins when the Anglos, Saxons, Jutes invade England in 500 A.D. (Light History)

  • Old English is an Anglo-Saxon Germanic language


Old English Source #3

  • A.D. 450-1066

  • In the 5th century, the tribes of Anglo-Saxons from Northern Europe arrived in Britain. They found a Celtic speaking people who had earlier been conquered by the Romans. They combined their Germanic language with the Celtic and started to form a new language (Beers, 55). Old English continued on the next slide.


#3 Old English Continued (p. 55)

  • A.D. 450-1066

  • Then the Vikings or Norsemen who spoke Norse arrived from Scandinavia. These languages (Celtic, Anglo-Saxon Germanic, Norse) formed Old English, an oral language.

  • Mostly one syllable words

  • The written language was Latin.

  • Horse, Night and Wife are O.E.

  • (Beers, 55)


#3 Old English Continued (p. 55)

  • A.D. 450-1066

  • Then the Vikings or Norsemen who spoke Norse arrived from Scandinavia came. These languages formed Old English, an oral language.

  • The written language was Latin.

  • Horse, Night and Wife are O.E.

  • (Beers, 55)


Beowulf, an Old English Epic Poem Source #1

  • Most famous work of Old English literature


Source 1(Light History)

  • Almost every one syllable word we speak is from Anglo Saxon German

  • Old English 500-1065AD


Middle English 1066-1550AD

  • In 1066, William the Conqueror from Normandy, France invades England.


William the Conqueror from Normandy, France


The Norman Conquest/The Battle of Hastings


England becomes bilingual during Middle English

  • English: ox, sheep, swine, calf

  • French: beef, mutton, pork, veal

  • The rich and upper class spoke French Latin, but the lower class spoke Anglo-Saxon German (Beers, 55).


Middle English #3

  • Three words that survive today from French/Latin Middle English are government, justice, and literature (Beers, 55).


Chaucer was a 14th century author of The Canterbury Tales written in Middle English


Caxton invented the Printing Press in 1476


Modern English is 1500 to present

  • Renaissance was the rebirth of interest Greek and Roman art, literature

  • Astro-star

  • Naut-sailor

  • Astronaut


Modern English

  • Great vowel shift

  • In Middle English the last vowel of a word was emphasized, but in Modern English, the first vowel is typically stressed.


William Shakespeare

  • Used 21,500 different words

  • 3,000 invented words


Shakespeare invented:

  • Words Shakespeare Invented

  • Academeaccusedaddictionadvertisingamazementarouseassassinationbackingbanditbedroombeachedbesmirchbirthplaceblanketbloodstainedbarefacedblushingbetbumpbuzzercakedcaterchampioncircumstantial


Shakespeare invented these

  • Coldbloodedcompromisecourtshipcountlesscriticdauntlessdawndeafeningdiscontentdisheartendruggeddwindleepilepticequivocalelbowexcitementexposureeyeballfashionablefixtureflawedfrugalgenerousgloomygossipgreen eyedgusthinthob nobhurriedimpede impartial invulnerablejadedlabellacklusterlaughablelonely


Shakespeare

  • Lowerluggagelustrousmadcapmajesticmarketablemetamorphizemimicmonumentalmoonbeammountaineernegotiatenoiselessobsceneobsequiouslyodeolympianoutbreakpanderspedantpremeditatedpukingradiancerantremorse lesssavageryscufflesecureskim milksubmergesummitswaggertorturetranquilundressunrealvariedvaultingworthlesszanygnarledgrovel


King James Bible 1604


1755 Johnson’s Dictionary


Johnson’s Dictionary helped standardize spelling


Good

  • Good, gode, guod, guode, goode, goed, gowd, godd, guid guide, gud, gwde, guyd, gewd

  • 7 years in the making. This dictionary helped standardize spelling.


Source #1

Engel, Elliot. A Light History of the English Language. Raleigh: Media Consultants, 1997


Source # 2

  • www.brainpop.com

  • Etymology- the history of a word or word origin


Source # 3

Works Cited

  • Beers, Kylene. Holt Literature and Language Arts. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2001.


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