T heatre in the Middle ages. Or Medieval Period In Western Europe. Time Line. A.D. 500 – 1400 referred to as the Middle Ages 1400-1650 referred to as the Renaissance Brief overview of history: -Western Roman Empire collapsed before the Eastern Roman Empire.
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Theatre in the Middle ages
Or Medieval Period
In Western Europe
referred to as the Middle Ages
referred to as the Renaissance
Brief overview of history:
-Western Roman Empire collapsed before the Eastern Roman Empire.
In our study of theatre we are mostly concerned with Western developments from the Early Middle Ages through the high Middle Ages, taking us to 1400.
-few cultural or historical advances were made. However, on closer look it laid the ground work for further developments.
-later, lyrics were written for these passages
-These tropes, which were sung or chanted in Latin to musical accompaniment, were in most cases performed in monasteries.
“Whom do you seek?” by an angel to the 3 Mary's at the tomb of Christ
“Give us Barabbas” by the crowd to Pontius Pilot at Christ’s trial.
-dramatize a series of biblical events, from the creation to the last judgment.
-They were not presented as part of a religious ceremony but short dramas presented as part of a sequence. When a number of plays were presented in sequence, they constituted a “cycle”.
2. Morality Plays
-taught a moral lesson
3. Miracle Plays
-dramatized the lives of the saints
They were all short plays.
-shepherds are characters out of the Middle Ages, not the bible
-they complain about their lords and feudal conditions
-even though Christ is not born until the close of the play, they pray to him and to various saints throughout the first section.
Extensive play structure begins during the later half of the Middle Ages.
- a series of small scenic platforms were erected side by side
- in an open courtyard
- special effects, called secrets, could be performed.(storing barrels of water for Noah’s flood on the roof above the platform stage, releasing at the right time)