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Ozone-cci. Michel Van Roozendael, BIRA-IASB Martin Dameris, DLR-PA. Content. Adequacy of User Requirements User Requirements & Product Specifications Integrated perspective Uncertainties Needs for ECMWF data. CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 2011 2.

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Ozone cci

Ozone-cci

Michel Van Roozendael, BIRA-IASB

Martin Dameris, DLR-PA

CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 20111


Content

Content

  • Adequacy of User Requirements

  • User Requirements & Product Specifications

  • Integrated perspective

  • Uncertainties

  • Needs for ECMWF data

CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 20112


Adequacy of user requirements

Adequacy of User Requirements

  • Is the URD consistent with CMUG/GCOS requirements?

    • Yes, in the sense that it uses input from GCOS and CMUG requirements

    • Furthermore, these requirements are interpreted and “translated” to requirements for the data products that will be created in the Ozone_cci project

  • Sources used to determine User Requirements

    • GCOS and climate modellers (CMUG).

    • Taking into account the WMO/IGACO vision of the integrated approach for ozone monitoring using satellite data, in-situ observations, and ground-based networks, in combination with model information

    • Responding to the GCOS requirement for FCDRs for ozone covering the period 1980-2010 to evaluate the processes controlling ozone-climate interactions and the evolution of the ozone layer

CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 20113


User requirements inputs from gcos based on gcos 107 report 2006

User RequirementsInputs from GCOS (based on GCOS-107 report, 2006)

CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 20114


User requirements inputs from gcos jan 2011 draft update o 3 reqs

User RequirementsInputs from GCOS (Jan 2011 draft update O3 reqs)


User requirements input on o 3 requirements from cmug

User RequirementsInput on O3 requirements from CMUG


Ozone cci user requirements requirement table content entries and scope

Ozone_cci User RequirementsRequirement table content/entries and scope

  • Separate requirements for each of the 3 ozone products:

    • Total ozone column

    • Nadir-based ozone profiles

    • Limb-based ozone profiles

  • User requirements include:

    • Ozone data requirements

    • Data product requirements

    • Ancillary data requirements

  • URD closely follows GCOS and CMUG requirements

CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 20117


Ozone cci user requirements requirement table content entries and scope1

Ozone_cci User RequirementsRequirement table content/entries and scope

  • The ozone data requirements consist of tables containing:

    • Horizontal resolution

    • Observation frequency

    • Time period

    • Accuracy

    • Stability

  • If applicable, distinction is made between driving research topics, geographical zone, and height range. A rationale is presented for the quantitative requirements, e.g. by reference to the contributing satellite instruments over the considered time period

  • For each ozone product ancillary data requirements are defined including error characteristics, averaging kernels, a priori data, flags (e.g. detailed cloud and surface information), data format, conventions and basic visualization tools

CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 20118


User requirements total ozone column requirements

User RequirementsTotal ozone column requirements

Based on URD version 0.5

  • Specify Achievable and Target requirements

    Driving research topics, e.g.:

  • Regional differences in evolution ozone layer

  • Seasonal cycle and interannual profile variability

  • Short-term variability


Ozone cci

User RequirementsData and ancillary requirements for total ozone columns

  • Format: NetCDF; following CF conventions

  • Error characteristics (random, systematic)

  • Averaging kernels per pixel

  • A priori data per pixel

  • Flags (good; bad; uncertain; pixel type; snow/ice; sun glint; solar eclipse, S-Atl anomaly)

  • Basic visualisation (browsable end products e.g. like temis)

  • Cloud information (cloud fraction, height, albedo)

  • Surface information surface albedo, (IR: emissivity)

  • Level 1 not required

CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 201110


Ozone cci

User RequirementsLimb-based ozone profiles

The lower stratosphere (LS) extends from the tropopause (defined as ozone > 150 ppbv) to about 25 km, and the middle atmosphere extends from about 25 to 60 km altitude.

Based on URD version 0.5

Driving research topics e.g.

  • Regional differences in evolution ozone layer

  • Height dependence of evolution ozone layer

  • Seasonal cycle and interannual profile variability

  • Short-term variability


Ozone cci

User RequirementsData and ancillary requirements for limb ozone profiles

  • Format: NetCDF; following CF conventions

  • Error characteristics (noise; smoothing; pointing acc.; a priori)

  • Number of layers (optimized for accuracy)

  • Averaging kernels per pixel

  • Full covariance matrix per pixel

  • A priori data per pixel

  • Flags (good; bad; uncertain; cloud contamination; solar eclipse, S-Atl anomaly)

  • Basic visualisation (browsable end products e.g. like temis)

  • Cloud information per profile (cloud fraction, height)

  • Temperature profile

  • Level 1 not required

CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 201112


Do the psd meet the needs of the crg

Do the PSD meet the needs of the CRG?

  • Yes, it should: the PSD is being written under the leadership and explicit guidance of the Ozone_cci CRG

  • The PSD builds upon the URD. It translates the demands listed in the URD into generic specifications for the 3 main ozone ECV products. Detailed specs for each instrument will be documented in the IODD.

  • Ozone_cci products will be used by the CRG and examples of such applications are given in the PSD

CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 201113


Integrated perspective

Integrated perspective

  • How do we address the integrated perspective for consistency between ECVs?

    • Take consideration of CCI guidelines for data format, error characterisation, RR, etc

    • PSD  specifications/requirements are given for ozone data products which are needed together with data products derived from global model systems, including CCMs and CTMs. Other ECVs (e.g. aerosol, water vapour) should naturally fulfil very similar requirements, e.g. with regard to spatial and temporal resolution. For the PSD of the Ozone_cci project we have defined those specifications on the basement of the currently available model systems.

CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 201114


Uncertainties in products

Uncertainties in products

  • Specification of data characterization and error analysis is ongoing  questionnaire distributed among EOST teams (KIT lead)

  • Issues under review:

    • sampling, vertical/horizontal resolution, systematic & random errors (terminology), instrument specific errors, precision estimate

    • definition of a common error budget (terminology)

    • error evolution, e.g. degradation, long-term behaviour/stability, quality flags

    • averaging kernel data/covariance matrix

    • horizontal averaging kernels (to be decided)

CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 201115


Example sciamachy

Example: SCIAMACHY

Uncertainties in knowledge

of stratospheric aerosols

Tangent height errors

CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 201116


Ecmwf data usage

ECMWF data usage

Current status of ECMWF data usage for Ozone_cci data product generation:

(1) the total ozone algorithm retrieves an effective ozone-weighted mean temperature. A priori T° profiles are taken from the TOMS v8 climatology.

(2) default in KNMI algorithm

(3) default in RAL algorithm

(4) ECMWF data are used as a-priori in the inversion process

(5) from year 2000 onward

(6) ERA40 used for assimilation of data before year 2000. Switch to ERA-Interim is planned.

CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 201117


Need for ecmwf reanalysis data

Need for ECMWF reanalysis data

  • ECMWF data are used in Ozone_cci for:

    • Retrieval algorithms, either as a-priori information or as ancillary information (model parameters)

    • Data assimilation tools

    • Global chemistry/climate modeling

  • Operational data are mostly used, but reanalysis data are planned to be used for assimilation of historical data sets

  • There is “no pressing need” to incorporate reanalysis data into retrieval schemes (in some cases it is even out of scope of the project)

  • Current baseline:

    • RR selection and prototyping based on current input data

    • confirm in the RR that ECMWF data are used consistently

    • use the "best", consistent reanalysis in the actual ECV production phase

CCI project integration meeting, ECMWF, Reading, March 14-16, 201118


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