The truth about wildlife
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The Truth About Wildlife. Building a Sustainable Future for Wildlife and Our Community. Center for Wildlife. Mission- build a sustainable future for wildlife in our community through medical treatment, rehabilitation, educational outreach, research, and conservation activities. .

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The Truth About Wildlife

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The Truth About Wildlife

Building a Sustainable Future for Wildlife and Our Community


Center for Wildlife

  • Mission- build a sustainable future for wildlife in our community through medical treatment, rehabilitation, educational outreach, research, and conservation activities.


What is Wildlife Rehabilitation?

  • Medical treatment, rehabilitation processes, and daily care of injured/orphaned wild animals until they are able to be returned back into the wild.

  • Wildlife Rehabilitators:

    • have state and federal permits

    • work closely with a licensed veterinarian

    • have the proper housing and training to care for each species safely.

  • There is no state or federal funding or program for the medical care of wild animals.


Why not just let nature take its course?

  • 90-95% human caused injuries

    • Cars, power lines and windows, domestic cats, power lines, oil spills, habitat loss, etc.

  • Quality of Life

  • Public Safety

  • Difference between domestic and wildlife: Fear of humans


Get to know your local rehabilitator

Species We Treat

Tips

  • Birds

  • Small Mammals

  • Reptiles

  • Serve ~ 100 mile radius of York, ME

  • Visit NWRA website and find your state

  • Find out who does marine animals

  • Call your local rehabbers and find out:

    • What species they take

    • What is their capacity

    • What is their range


Nesting Dates for Common Species


The Myth and the Legend- What’s True?

  • If you touch a baby bird or baby mammal you can’t put it back in the nest- the mom will reject it

  • Any baby without a parent around needs help

  • Loons cannot walk on land

  • If you can catch an adult wild animal, it needs help

  • Animals do not feel pain the way humans do

  • Opossums are dirty and carry rabies

  • Porcupines can throw their quills

  • If a nocturnal animal is out during the day it most likely has rabies

  • Most bats have rabies and should be removed from buildings and barns immediately


Wild Animal Capture and Restraint Tips

Capture and Restraint

Species Specific

  • Handler safety

  • Plan Ahead- Work Efficiently

  • Proper positioning

  • Fight or Flee Defense

  • Diminish sense perceptions

  • Use minimum restraint

  • Equipment

  • Rodents

  • Opossums

  • Porcupines

  • Raccoons, foxes, weasels, bobcats, etc

  • Coyotes

  • Raptors

  • Waterbirds

  • Waterfowl

  • Songbirds

  • Turtles

  • Bats


Transport Tips

  • Keep animals in closed containers:

    • STRESS! Every contact takes energy from patient

    • SHOCK can kill

    • SAFETY for both animal and rescuer

  • Monitor Temperature:

    • Babies and trauma victims need heat (water bottle or snuggle safe)

    • Any animal that has just been chased can easily overheat- watch for panting and open-mouth breathing

  • DO NOT FEED UNTIL THE ANIMAL HAS BEEN MONITORED

    • Food and water can kill if not stable

    • The wrong diet can be deadly


Wildlife Rehabilitation Laws

  • It is legal for ACO’s and general public to transport wildlife to a licensed wildlife rehabilitator for medical treatment (in accordance with IF&W and NH Fish and Game)

  • Wildlife rehabilitators must have a federal permit to treat birds (excluding some game and introduced species)

  • Wildlife rehabilitators must have a state permit to treat mammals and reptiles

  • Individuals and organizations must have an education and exhibition permit to house wild animals permanently

  • Because of WNS it is now illegal to remove bats from unoccupied buildings during May 15th-August 15th in NH

  • Endangered and threatened species protected from killing, harassment, taking, or injuring species listed. Maximum penalty is up to $13,000 fine.


Public Interest

  • Center for Wildlife receives over 10,000 phone calls per year from the general public

  • Many callers are frustrated as they have made several phone calls to local vets, police departments, animal shelters, etc and no one can help

  • Most members of the public call to check on their patient and want to be involved with the release

  • Since 1986 public has brought over 20,000 wild animals to Center for Wildlife

  • Center for Wildlife hosts over 70 volunteers and 20+ college interns each year


Q & A


Scenario Discussion

  • What is your initial response?

  • What would you advise public?

  • If you had to capture/restrain/transport the animal, how would you do it?

  • Who would you bring it to?

  • Did you learn anything new?


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