Sociology
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Sociology. Unit 2: Culture and American Society. 1. Culture 2. material culture 3. nonmaterial culture 4. society 5. technology 6. language 7. values 8. norms 9. folkways 10. mores 11. laws 12. culture trait 13. culture complexes 14. culture patterns 15. ethnocentrism

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Sociology

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Sociology

Sociology

Unit 2:

Culture and American Society


Sociology

  • 1. Culture

  • 2. material culture

  • 3. nonmaterial culture

  • 4. society

  • 5. technology

  • 6. language

  • 7. values

  • 8. norms

  • 9. folkways

  • 10. mores

  • 11. laws

  • 12. culture trait

  • 13. culture complexes

  • 14. culture patterns

  • 15. ethnocentrism

  • 16. cultural relativism

  • 17. subculture

  • 18. counterculture

  • 19. narcissism


Sociology

  • Culture

    • Shared products of human groups. These products include both physical objects and the beliefs, values, and behaviors shared by the group.

  • Material Culture

    • Physical objects created by human groups. Also called artifacts.

  • Nonmaterial Culture

    • Abstract human creations, such as language, ideas, beliefs, rules, skills, family patterns, work practices, and political and economic systems.


Sociology

  • Society

    • Group of mutually interdependent people who have organized in such a way as to share a common culture and have a feeling of unity.


The components of culture

The Components of Culture

  • Technology

    • Knowledge and tools people use for practical purposes.

  • Symbols

    • Anything that stands for something else and has a shared meaning attached to it.

  • Language

    • Organization of written and spoken symbols into as standardized system.

  • Values

    • Shared beliefs about what is good or bad, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable.

  • Norms

    • Shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in specific situations.


Sociology

  • Folkways

    • Norms that do not have great moral significance attached to them—the common customs of everyday life.

  • Mores (More Ayz)

    • Norms that have great moral significance attached to them.

  • Laws

    • Written rules of conduct that are enacted and enforced by the government. By definition, the violation of these norms is considered a criminal act.


Sociology

  • Culture trait

    • Individual tool, act, or belief that is related to a particular situation or need.

  • Culture complexes

    • Cluster of interrelated culture traits.

  • Culture patterns

    • Combination of a number of culture complexes into an interrelated whole.


Sociology

  • Ethnocentrism

    • Tendency to view one’s own culture and group as superior to all other cultures and groups.

  • Cultural relativism

    • Belief that cultures should be judged by their own standards.


Sociology

  • Subculture

    • Group with its own unique values, norms, and behaviors that exists within a larger culture.

  • Counterculture

    • Group that rejects the values, norms, and practices of the larger society and replaces them with a new set of cultural patterns.

  • Narcissism

    • Extreme self-centeredness


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