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Shuaib Lwasa Department of Environmental Management Makerere University Email : [email protected] Kampala Workshop, 24-25 th July 2012. Environmental mainstreaming in urban management in Uganda A Background Paper for Leadership and Learning Group. UNEP / Cities Alliance / IIED

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shuaib lwasa department of environmental management makerere university email shuaiblwasa@gmail com
Shuaib Lwasa

Department of Environmental Management

Makerere University

Email: [email protected]

Kampala Workshop, 24-25th July 2012

Environmental mainstreaming in urban management in UgandaA Background Paper for Leadership and Learning Group

UNEP / Cities Alliance / IIED

Mainstreaming environmental concerns into City Development Strategies

outline
Outline
  • Environment and Development in Uganda
  • Context of mainstreaming
  • CDS cases
  • Approaches
  • Institutional Readiness
slide3

RURAL

53%

URBAN

47%

UN-Habitat 2002

Is Urban Livabilitypossiblein viewofchangingenvironment?

environment and development in uganda
Environment and Development in Uganda
  • Managing the environment in Uganda for sustainable development
    • focus largely remains protection and or sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, air quality and wild life
    • Urbanization poses challenges
    • Urban environmental degeneration continues
    • Inequality, poverty
  • The linkage between poverty and natural resource use or degradation
  • Urban environmental conditions remain deplorable in many neighborhoods especially the urban poor
c ontext of environmental management in uganda
Context of environmental management in Uganda
  • Environment-development debate in Uganda has continued for long
  • 1980’s vibrant CSO community emerged
  • Focus remained largely on air, water, forest conservation
  • Several conventions, laws and institutionalization
city development strategies in uganda
City Development Strategies in Uganda
  • Kampala
    • CDS for Kampala with a time horizon of five years between 2004 and 2009
    • goal number 3 in the strategy is “Improving the environmental living conditions”
    • District (in this case City) Environment Action Plan (DEAP)
    • A series of projects
  • Jinja
      • CDS 2007 – 2012 revitalizing industrial economy, equitable access to services
      • CDS focuses on Local Economic Development
      • A participatory approach with a LED committee
implementation strategies
Implementation strategies
  • Institutional set up, NEMA, District Environmental officers
  • Project-based implementation; KIEMP, CDM, KUSP
  • Program-based mainstreaming; TSUPU, Slum Upgrading, Housing Policy??, LGDP-LGMSDP
institutional setup
Institutional setup
  • Mainstreaming challenge
    • A common approach!
    • Long-range planning and mainstreaming!!!!

Report Stored

On shelf

Policy &

Solution

Next

Crisis

Forgetting

Assessment

or Pseudo?

Crisis

Management

Action as a Fix

approaches to mainstreaming environmental issues
Approaches to mainstreaming Environmental issues
  • Levers for Uganda
    • NDP
      • Municipal Development Plans
    • DEAP or Municipal Environment Action Plans
    • Framework on which projects need to relate, CDS/MDS?
strategic environmental mainstreaming opportunities
Strategic environmental mainstreaming; opportunities
  • There are lessons in regard to existing tools and knowledge-project specific
  • The broader institutional issues specifically the Legal enabled-legal-disabled continuum creates a lock-in
  • Processes
    • Urban environment-definition, beyond water, air, soils and fauna
    • Planning with nature
    • Poor settlements, does EM ‘improve urban life’?
    • What about ‘ urban livelihoods’?
  • NUF, MUF, LUKA
indicative tools
Indicative tools
  • In general, tools are a set of guides, steps and practical means that enable different stakeholders in reaching a desired goal of improving understanding and management of the urban environment.
  • Policy tools
    • NDP, DEAP
    • 3 Year development Plans
  • Legislative tools
    • NEA
    • Municipal Environmental regulations
indicative tools1
Indicative tools
  • Programs and Projects
  • Knowledge management and engagement tools
    • EPM
institutional readiness
Institutional readiness
  • Are municipalities for mainstreaming urban environmental?
    • Institutional adaptation; from ‘projectization’ to programs
    • Resource allocation
    • Capacity Development?/Capacity Building
    • Home-grown CDS or internally driven processes of mainstreaming
    • Experiential learning
ad