Shuaib lwasa department of environmental management makerere university email shuaiblwasa@gmail com
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Shuaib Lwasa Department of Environmental Management Makerere University Email : [email protected] Kampala Workshop, 24-25 th July 2012. Environmental mainstreaming in urban management in Uganda A Background Paper for Leadership and Learning Group. UNEP / Cities Alliance / IIED

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Shuaib Lwasa Department of Environmental Management Makerere University

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Shuaib Lwasa

Department of Environmental Management

Makerere University

Email: [email protected]

Kampala Workshop, 24-25th July 2012

Environmental mainstreaming in urban management in UgandaA Background Paper for Leadership and Learning Group

UNEP / Cities Alliance / IIED

Mainstreaming environmental concerns into City Development Strategies


  • Environment and Development in Uganda

  • Context of mainstreaming

  • CDS cases

  • Approaches

  • Institutional Readiness





UN-Habitat 2002

Is Urban Livabilitypossiblein viewofchangingenvironment?

Environment and Development in Uganda

  • Managing the environment in Uganda for sustainable development

    • focus largely remains protection and or sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, air quality and wild life

    • Urbanization poses challenges

    • Urban environmental degeneration continues

    • Inequality, poverty

  • The linkage between poverty and natural resource use or degradation

  • Urban environmental conditions remain deplorable in many neighborhoods especially the urban poor

Context of environmental management in Uganda

  • Environment-development debate in Uganda has continued for long

  • 1980’s vibrant CSO community emerged

  • Focus remained largely on air, water, forest conservation

  • Several conventions, laws and institutionalization

City Development Strategies in Uganda

  • Kampala

    • CDS for Kampala with a time horizon of five years between 2004 and 2009

    • goal number 3 in the strategy is “Improving the environmental living conditions”

    • District (in this case City) Environment Action Plan (DEAP)

    • A series of projects

  • Jinja

    • CDS 2007 – 2012 revitalizing industrial economy, equitable access to services

    • CDS focuses on Local Economic Development

    • A participatory approach with a LED committee

Implementation strategies

  • Institutional set up, NEMA, District Environmental officers

  • Project-based implementation; KIEMP, CDM, KUSP

  • Program-based mainstreaming; TSUPU, Slum Upgrading, Housing Policy??, LGDP-LGMSDP

Institutional setup

  • Mainstreaming challenge

    • A common approach!

    • Long-range planning and mainstreaming!!!!

Report Stored

On shelf

Policy &






or Pseudo?



Action as a Fix

Approaches to mainstreaming Environmental issues

  • Levers for Uganda

    • NDP

      • Municipal Development Plans

    • DEAP or Municipal Environment Action Plans

    • Framework on which projects need to relate, CDS/MDS?

Strategic environmental mainstreaming; opportunities

  • There are lessons in regard to existing tools and knowledge-project specific

  • The broader institutional issues specifically the Legal enabled-legal-disabled continuum creates a lock-in

  • Processes

    • Urban environment-definition, beyond water, air, soils and fauna

    • Planning with nature

    • Poor settlements, does EM ‘improve urban life’?

    • What about ‘ urban livelihoods’?


Indicative tools

  • In general, tools are a set of guides, steps and practical means that enable different stakeholders in reaching a desired goal of improving understanding and management of the urban environment.

  • Policy tools

    • NDP, DEAP

    • 3 Year development Plans

  • Legislative tools

    • NEA

    • Municipal Environmental regulations

Indicative tools

  • Programs and Projects

  • Knowledge management and engagement tools

    • EPM

Institutional readiness

  • Are municipalities for mainstreaming urban environmental?

    • Institutional adaptation; from ‘projectization’ to programs

    • Resource allocation

    • Capacity Development?/Capacity Building

    • Home-grown CDS or internally driven processes of mainstreaming

    • Experiential learning

  • Thank you!

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