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Phrasal Verbs Separable/ Inseperable. b y Imad. What are Phrasal Verbs?! . 1 . A phrasal verb is a verb plus a particle I ran into my teacher at the movies last night. >> run + into (= meet) Verb + particle = phrasal verb. Particles Vs. Prepositions.

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what are phrasal verbs
What are Phrasal Verbs?!
  • 1. A phrasal verb is a verb plus a particle

I ran into my teacher at the movies last night.

>> run + into (= meet)

Verb + particle = phrasal verb

particles vs prepositions
Particles Vs. Prepositions
  • Particles are identical to prepositions in appearance but act differently
  • Particles effect the meaning of the phrasal verb. Prepositions do not change the meanings of their proceeding verbs and are independent of them.
    • E.g.
      • Particle: Max ran up the bill. (run up = to make larger)
      • Preposition: Max ran up the hill. (run keeps its normal meaning in this case)
      • Particle: I looked up your number online. (=searched)
      • Preposition: I looked up to see the helicopter in the sky. (=actually looked up towards the sky)
  • So, particles change the meaning of a verb, but prepositions DO NOT
transitive or intransitive
Transitive or Intransitive?
  • A: Transitive Phrasal verbs
    • 1) TAKE AN OBJECT:
      • Call off something (=cancel)
      • Pick out something (=choose)
      • take away something (=remove)
    • 2) usually SEPERABLE (The particle may precede or follow the direct object):

E.g. "They turned onthe lights" or "They turnedthe lights on"

Transitive Phrasal Verb

Object

Object

Transitive Phrasal Verb

warning
WARNING!!!
  • BE CAREFUL! when the object is a pronoun, the particle cannot precede it:
  • "They turnedthemon" is correct. (them = the lights)
  • "They turned on them” (INCORRECT).
  • I wroteitdown. (Correct).
  • I wrote down it (INCORRECT).

So if the direct object is a pronoun, it MUST go between the verb and the particle

some transitive phrasal verbs must be separated and some are inseparable
Some Transitive phrasal verbs MUST be separated and some are inseparable
  • Even though they are usually separated, a small group of transitive verbs must be separated:

E.g.

Keep your jacket on. Not: Keep on your jacket.

Ask Sara out. Not: Ask out Sara

Ask John over. Not: Ask over John

FOR A LIST OF INSEPERABLE TRANSITIVE PHRASAL VERBS –REFER TO APPENDIX 18 P 1-6

note that
Note that…

In transitive phrasal verbs:

-When the noun object is part of a long phrase, we do not separate the verb and the particle:

E.g.

I filled out the form from the Sterling Property Management.

NOT:I filled the form from the Sterling Property Management out

intransitive p hrasal verbs
Intransitive Phrasal Verbs
  • Intransitive phrasal verbs
    • 1) DO NOT take an object.
    • 2) Always inseparable:

Catch on = become popular

Get a head = make progress

Show up = appear

Sit down = take a seat

remember
Remember
  • Learn to rely on your intuition when deciding whether a phrasal verb is separable or inseparable

Try this:

Bring change about

(=make happen)

Bringabout change

Which one do you think makes more sense when you pronounce it?

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