Making changes ** Meeting needs. All living things have needs. Some of the things humans need are food, water and shelter. If we need food, we can go to a grocery store. We can get water from a faucet. We have homes that give us shelter.
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Making changes**Meeting needs
All living things have needs. Some of the things humans need are food, water and shelter. If we need food, we can go to a grocery store. We can get water from a faucet. We have homes that give us shelter.
All of these things are changes we have made to our environment. We need shelter, so we build houses. We need water, so we lay pipes to bring it into our homes. We need food, so we build stores and bring it all to one place.
When Europeans first came to America, there were no grocery stores. There were no houses to live in. The settlers had to grow their own food. They had to build their own houses. They changed the environment to meet their needs.
People are not the only ones who change their surroundings to meet their needs. Animals make changes, too. Beavers are a good example of animals that change their environment.
Beavers need water for protection. They also use it to get around quickly. To keep a constant supply of water, beavers often build dams on rivers and streams. These dams form lakes. The lakes provide the beavers with the water they need.
Beavers build their homes on or near the water. Some beavers build lodges right on the water. Lodges are made of mud, rocks, and wood like dams. Other beavers dig burrows in the bank near the water. Both kinds of beaver homes have underwater entrances.
Think of some other changes people or animals make to their surroundings in order to meet their needs.
SPACE TO GROW
A WAY TO ELIMINATE WASTE
SPACE TO GROW
In the animal kingdom, the male of the species is usually “better looking”
than the female of the species.
Look at these lions.
Do you know which one is the male?
Why do you think that the male of a species is usually
than the female in the species?
If you said it is help them when they want to attract a mate….then you are correct.
Which peacock do you think is the male?
Why do you think it would be best for the female to be less colorful?
The reason that the female Cardinal is less colorful than the male is because she is the one that protects the nest. If her color was bright, it might attract the attention of a predator.
Let’s look at the male and female lions again.
Do you know why the female’s coloring is less attractive?
It is because she is the one that does the hunting for the pride. Her coloring needs to be able to “blend in” with her surroundings so that her prey will not see her before she attacks.
Plants have adaptations, too!
Look at this cactus.
The leaves of a cactus are the spines like you can see in this picture.
Why would a cactus need small, thin leaves?
To answer this question, we would have to think about where the cactus plant usually grows.
In the desert, the sun shines almost everyday.
The leaves of the cactus are small because they don’t have to work hard to absorb sunshine to make its food, because the sun shines so much of the time.
Remember that the leaves release water thrrough transpiration…and in the desert, the plants want to hold on to as much water as possible.
smaller leaves = less transpiration
Now let’s talk about leaves that are found in an area that has lots of rain, but have to struggle to get sunshine because of the taller plants that block out the sunlight.
In this environment, the leaves in the lowest level of the rainforest need big leaves so that they can capture any sunshine that makes its way through the taller trees that tend to block the sunlight.
These are just a few examples of how animals and plants adapt to their environment.
Can you think of ways that
adapt to your environment?