Managing safety beyond osha compliance
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Managing Safety Beyond OSHA Compliance. Harold Gribow, MS, CSP, ARM. Introduction. We've been managing safety according to OSHA regulations for about 40 years In the late 1960's - estimates showed over 14,000 occupational fatalities So how are we doing now?.

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Managing Safety Beyond OSHA Compliance

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Managing safety beyond osha compliance

Managing Safety Beyond OSHA Compliance

Harold Gribow, MS, CSP, ARM


Introduction

Introduction

  • We've been managing safety according to OSHA regulations for about 40 years

  • In the late 1960's - estimates showed over 14,000 occupational fatalities

  • So how are we doing now?


Managing safety beyond osha compliance

US Occupational Fatalities – 2010P

Number of Fatalities – 4,547 (4,551)

Transportation – 1,766 (1,795)

Violence – 808 (837)

Contact with objects or equipment – 732 (741) (struck by or caught in/between)

Falls – 635 (645)

Fires/Explosions – 187 (113)

Electrical – 163 (170)

Arizona Occupational Fatalities – 2010P

Number of Fatalities – 75 (76)

Transportation – 27 (32)

Violence – 24 (10)

Falls – 9 (11)

Contact with objects or equipment – 8 (12)

Harmful substances or environment - 7 (5)

(Electrical – at least 3)


Managing safety beyond osha compliance

What else do we need to do?


Introduction1

Introduction

  • Research indicates benefits to companies who establish effective worker safety and health programs:

    • Reduction in fatalities

    • Reduction in the extent and severity of work-related injuries and illnesses

    • Improved employee morale

    • Higher productivity

    • Reduced workers’ compensation costs


Exemplary workplaces

Exemplary Workplaces

  • Common characteristics of effective safety and health programs:

    • Assignment of responsibility to managers, supervisors, and workers

    • Regular inspections to control hazards

    • Employee training and orientation for the recognition and avoidance of hazards

    • Rewards that make safe behavior desirable


Safety and health program guidelines

Safety and HealthProgram Guidelines

  • As the size of the workplace increases so does the need for a formalized written program

  • But, the program effectiveness is more important than “In Writing”

  • OSHA published "Voluntary Safety and Health Management Guidelines"


Safety and health program guidelines1

Safety and Health Program Guidelines

  • The Guidelines go beyond specific requirements of the law to focus on all hazards including behavioral hazards of people

  • The following elements are taken from the ‘Safety and Health Voluntary Guidelines - 1989’


Managing safety beyond osha compliance

Elements of an Effective

Safety and Health Program

  • Management Leadership and Employee Involvement

  • Worksite Analysis

  • Hazard Prevention and Control

  • Safety and Health Training


Managing safety beyond osha compliance

Element #1

Management Commitment

and Employee Involvement

  • Management Commitment

    • Motivating force and resources

    • Safety and health is a fundamental value

  • Employee Involvement

    • Workers develop and express their own commitment to safety and health, for themselves and fellow workers


Management commitment

Management Commitment

  • Safety and health policy statement

  • Clear program goals and objectives, and reinforcement of success

  • Visible involvement from management

  • Leadership

  • Motivation


Management commitment1

Management Commitment

  • Assigns safety and health responsibilities

  • Provides adequate authority to responsible personnel

  • Holds managers, supervisors and employees accountable for meeting their responsibilities

  • Provides reinforcement for safe behavior

  • “What gets measured is what gets done”

  • Dan Petersen, Ed.D., P.E., CSP

  • Safety Management – A Human Approach


Employee involvement

Employee Involvement

  • Management commitment and employee involvement complement one another

  • Management provides the motivating force and resources for safety and health programs

  • Employee involvement provides workers opportunities to develop and express their own commitment to the safety and health program

  • Employees will work toward a goal that satisfies their needs (Abraham Maslow - Motivation and Personality, 1954)


Employee involvement1

Employee Involvement

  • Active role for employees:

    • Workplace inspections

    • Hazard analysis

    • Development of safe work rules

    • Training of co-workers & new hires


Managing safety beyond osha compliance

Element #2

Worksite Analysis

  • Involves 5 major actions:

    • Comprehensive survey of facility

    • Analyses of planned changes

    • Routine job hazard analyses (JHA)

    • Regular site safety inspections

    • Accident and "near hit" investigations


Managing safety beyond osha compliance

Element #3

Hazard Prevention and Control

  • Systems used to eliminate or control hazards include:

    • Engineering controls

    • Administrative controls

    • Work practice controls

    • Personal protective equipment

  • Emergency planning

  • Medical programs including first aid and emergency care

  • Early Return to Work programs


Managing safety beyond osha compliance

Element #4

Safety and Health Training

  • Types of training include:

    • Orientation training

    • Hazard recognition training

    • Training required by OSHA standards

    • Emergency response training

    • Accident investigation training

  • see OSHA 2254 - Training Requirements in

  • OSHA Standards and Training Guidelines


Managing safety beyond osha compliance

Safety and Health Training

  • Orientation training

    • Training required by OSHA Standards before an employee is assigned to work

      • Hazard Communication

      • Employee emergency or fire plans

      • Personal Protective Equipment

      • Control of Hazardous Energy

      • Powered Industrial Trucks

      • Electrical Safe Work Practices


Managing safety beyond osha compliance

Safety and Health Training

  • Hazard recognition training

    • All employees must be trained to work safely in all hazardous work areas


Managing safety beyond osha compliance

Safety and Health Training

  • Training required by OSHA standards

    • Occupational health

    • Fall protection

    • Excavations

    • Work-zone safety

    • Machine guarding

    • Flammable and combustible liquids

    • Fire extinguishers

    • Bloodborne pathogens

    • Etc., etc., etc….


Managing safety beyond osha compliance

Safety and Health Training

  • Emergency response training

    • Alarm systems

    • Evacuation vs. shelter-in-place

    • Fighting fires

    • Spills and releases

    • Emergency services

      • Medical

      • Fire


Managing safety beyond osha compliance

Safety and Health Training

  • Accident investigation training

    • What incidents to report

    • When to report injuries or illnesses

    • How to report

    • Who will take the report

    • The accident investigation process


Managing safety beyond osha compliance

Safety and Health Training

  • Emergency drill training

    • Fire drills

    • Other disaster drills

    • Security breaches


Regulatory concerns

Regulatory Concerns

  • OSHA’s Most Frequently Cited

    • Hazard Communication

    • Fall protection

    • Machine guarding

    • Excavations

    • Scaffolds

    • Powered Industrial Trucks

    • Ladders

    • Personal Protective Equipment

    • Recordkeeping (OSHA 300)

    • Training documentation


The benefits of a successful safety health program

The Benefits of a Successful Safety & Health Program

  • Employee morale is improved

  • Trained workers remain on the job

  • The business remains as efficient as ever

  • Business profitability is unaffected by injury costs and the impact of uninsured costs of accidents

  • OSHA citation costs are minimized


Beyond all the regulations

Beyond all the Regulations...

  • We all need to actively care...

  • Actively caring behavior in an organization increases directly with the number of employees (including managers) who view their coworkers as "family"

    E. Scott Geller, Ph.D.,

    People-Based Safety The Source, 2005


Questions

Questions ?

Thank you for your attention


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