The Declaration of Independence and Its Signers. What sacrifices did these men make?. Objectives. Students will be able to explain the events that led up to the colonies severing ties with Great Britain Students will understand the main grievances the colonials had with Great Britain
The Declaration of Independence and Its Signers
What sacrifices did these men make?
Thomas Jefferson understood what the actions entailed
Wanted to make sure the document explained why the colonists wanted to separate
The second paragraph lays down the philosophy for the decision.
“All men are equal”
Government was to protect “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness,” fundamental rights of all
When the government failed to do so, citizens have a right to overthrow it
Overthrow is not for trivial reasons, but when treatment becomes “absolute despotism”
Natural Rights: life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Popular Sovereignty: People are the source of political authority
Order: Importance of stability, overthrowing a government is only the last resort
86 Changes were made
500 words were taken out
1,337 words were included
18 signers were under the age of 40
Three were in their 20s
Half of the 56 signers were judges and lawyers
11 were merchants
9 were land owners and farmers
12 were doctors, ministers and politicians
Do you think there were consequences for severing ties with Great Britain?
What do you think some might have been?
Ideals of equality led to Civil War, Women’s Rights and the Civil Rights Movement
Influenced the French Revolution in their Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in 1789
Latin American Movements of 1890s
Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh used it as a reason to invade the south
During World War II it was kept at Fort Knox KY
More than 1 million Americans view it in the National Archives each year
What were four factors that led to the drafting and approval of the Declaration of Independence?
How can the formation of the American government be seen as an illustration of the Enlightenment philosophy?
What were three purposes of the Declaration of Independence?
What were 4 grievances that the American Colonists had against Great Britain in 1776?
Why was it necessary for Jefferson to outline the philosophy of the new nation instead of just listing what they king did wrong?
What does “pursuit of happiness” mean?
How well does America today live up to the ideals of the Declaration of Independence?
Results from the Signing of the Declaration of Independence
Open Response: CHOOSE ONE