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The Function of Wisdom in James. 1. The role of wisdom in the Old Testament. 1.1. The exegesis of the wisdom tradition The nature of Wisdom Three sources for information in the Ancient Near East Prophet Priest Sage Wisdom is not anti-religion,

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The function of wisdom in james l.jpg
The Function of Wisdom in James

HGST Geneeral Epistles James 3


1 the role of wisdom in the old testament l.jpg
1. The role of wisdom in the Old Testament

1.1. The exegesis of the wisdom tradition

  • The nature of Wisdom

    • Three sources for information in the Ancient Near East

      • Prophet

      • Priest

      • Sage

  • Wisdom is not anti-religion,

    • Wisdom has little to say about religion, for it is practical, not institutional

  • HGST Geneeral Epistles James 3


    What is a proverb mashal l.jpg
    What is a proverb (mashal)?

    • Proverb of analogy

    • Proverb of contrast

    • Riddle

    • Fable (also includes allegories)

    • Mocking statement

    • Classifying proverb

    • Value proverb

    • Consequence proverb

    HGST Geneeral Epistles James 3


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    Other forms of wisdom speech

    • Hymns and prayers

    • The Dialogue

    • Confession

    • Onomastica

    • Beatitudes

    HGST Geneeral Epistles James 3


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    Issues in the interpretation of proverbs

    • The proverb may be a pedagogical method

    • The proverb takes wisdom to use properly

    • The proverb is not to be taken absolutely

    • "Proverbs are not legal guarantees from God"

      • may contain paradox

      • may be in tension with other proverbs

      • may be in tension with the prophetic

    HGST Geneeral Epistles James 3


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    Hermeneutics of Wisdom

    • Note the form of the wisdom saying

    • Ask whether the context is important

    • Determine whether hyperbole is present

    • Obscure passages must be cross-culturally applied to analogous situations today.

    HGST Geneeral Epistles James 3


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    1.2. The Old Testament itself

    • 1.2.1. Wisdom as God's gift

    • 1.2.2. The personification of Wisdom

    HGST Geneeral Epistles James 3


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    1.3. The intertestamental period

    • 1.3.1. Wisdom identified with Torah

    • 1.3.2. Wisdom identified with Spirit

    HGST Geneeral Epistles James 3


    2 the role of wisdom in jesus and paul l.jpg
    2. The role of wisdom in Jesus and Paul

    • 2.1. Jesus

      • 2.1.1. Jesus as the wisdom of God

      • 2.1.2. Wisdom as the gift of God

      • 2.1.3. Personified wisdom

    • 2.2. Paul

      • 2.2.1. The Rejection of the wisdom of the world

      • 2.2.2. Jesus as the Wisdom of God

      • 2.2.3. Wisdom as a gift

      • 2.2.4. Wisdom as a characteristic

    HGST Geneeral Epistles James 3


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    Wisdom forms in James

    • James as diatribe

      • Diatribe is seen in conversational form

      • This is a wisdom form in the Greek world

    • James as wisdom collection

      • Wisdom is viewed as disconnected

      • Thus James is viewed as a string of pearls

      • This, however, is often rejected now

    HGST Geneeral Epistles James 3


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    3. The function of wisdom in James

    • 3.1. Wisdom and the Spirit

      • 3.1.1. Wisdom as God's gift

        • 3.1.1.1. Jas 1:5-8

        • 3.1.1.2. Jas 1:16-18

      • 3.1.2. Wisdom's fruit

        • 3.1.2.1. The "not wisdom from above"

        • 3.1.2.2. The wisdom from above

        • 3.1.2.3. Wisdom in James and Spirit in Paul

    HGST Geneeral Epistles James 3


    3 2 the use of the tongue in james and judaism l.jpg
    3.2. The use of the tongue in James and Judaism

    • 3.2.1. The danger of speech

    • 3.2.2. The wisdom of silence

    • 3.2.3. The wisdom of the fitting word

    HGST Geneeral Epistles James 3


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    3.3. The issue of anger

    • 3.3.1. The rejection of anger

    • 3.3.2. The rejection of slander/grumbling

    HGST Geneeral Epistles James 3


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