Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against Torture (OPCAT)
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 16

Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims (RCT) rct.dk - torture.dk PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 136 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against Torture (OPCAT) Ratifications, NPMs, SPT and the RCT Honduras project. Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims (RCT) www.rct.dk - www.torture.dk. OPCAT. Adoption 18 December 2002 by UN General Assembly Purpose

Download Presentation

Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims (RCT) rct.dk - torture.dk

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Rehabilitation and research centre for torture victims rct rct dk torture dk

Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against Torture (OPCAT)

Ratifications, NPMs, SPT and the RCT Honduras project

Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims (RCT)

www.rct.dk - www.torture.dk


Opcat

OPCAT

  • Adoption

    • 18 December 2002 by UN General Assembly

  • Purpose

    • Establishment of a system of regular visits to be undertaken by independent international and national bodies to institutions where people are deprived of their liberty.


Opcat1

OPCAT

  • Entry into force

    • 22 June 2006 in accordance with article 28(1) of the OPCAT

  • Status as of 28 February 2008

    • 34 ratifications

    • 34 signatories*

    • (Ireland is the most recent signatory)


World wide campaign for opcat ratification

World wide campaign for OPCAT ratification

Ratifications by region:

  • Europe and Central Asia: 17

  • Africa: 5

  • Americas: 9

  • Asia-Pacific: 3

  • MENA: 0


Status on opcat ratification in the asia pacific region i

Status on OPCAT ratification in the Asia-Pacific Region I

  • Indonesia(In January 2008, the Department of Foreign Affairs has asked the Institute for Policy Research and Advocacy (ELSAM) to assist in the draft of an academic paper on the implications of OPCAT ratification at the domestic level.)

  • Republic of Korea(The Ministry of Justice is considering accession to the OPCAT, but inter-ministerial consultations are still ongoing. NHRC promotes ratification and states that it has the ability to fulfil the position as the NPM.)


Status on opcat ratification in the asia pacific region iii

Status on OPCAT ratification in the Asia-Pacific Region III

  • Timor-Leste (The OPCAT has been submitted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation to the Council of Ministers in late 2007 for its approval.)


Status on opcat implementation in the asia pacific region

Status on OPCAT implementation in the Asia-Pacific Region

  • Maldives (Is already a state party to the OPCAT. The Human Rights Commission has been officially designated as the NPM in Dec 2007. The SPT visited the Maldives in December 2007.)

  • New Zealand(The NZ National Human Rights Commission has been designated as the ”central NPM” and will consequently be responsible for coordinating the work carried out by the other components of the mechanism.)


Overview of ratification status in the asia pacific region

Overview of Ratification Status in the Asia-Pacific Region


The spt

The SPT

  • Existence just over 1 year

  • Have conducted 2 visits to Mauritius and Maldives

  • Due to publish first annual report

  • Visiting mechanism >< advisory role

  • The SPT and the NPMs

    • What is the role of the SPT?


The spt1

The SPT

  • Current difficulties

    • Lack of ressources and secretariat function

    • How to fulfill advisory role in the OPCAT?

    • How many visits per year?

    • What is the relationship between SPT and NPMs? Also during implementation?

    • How will the SPT gain more experience?


National preventive mechanisms npm

National Preventive Mechanisms (NPM)

  • Establishment

    • 1 year after entry into force of OPCAT or 1 year after ratification by the State Party.

  • Form

    • No particular form in OPCAT

    • States Parties may choose the form of the NPM that is most appropriate for their country context.

  • Mandate

    • The NPMs have the same mandate as the SPT


Amnesty international guidelines on npms

Amnesty International Guidelines on NPMs

  • Amnesty International has in the fall of 2007 drafted 10 Guiding Principles for the Establishment of National Preventive Mechanisms.

  • The Guidelines are drafted on the basis of the Protocol, the Paris Principles, the organisations experiences and different legal documents (also the APT manual on OPCAT from 2004).

  • Link to the guidelines: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/


A national preventive mechanisms npm can be

A National Preventive Mechanisms (NPM) can be?

  • An existing Ombudsman institution (OMB) as the NPM

  • Or an existing National Human Rights institution (NHRI) as the NPM

  • Or establishment of a new institution that can fulfil the position as the NPM


Shortcomings of existing mechanisms

Shortcomings of existing mechanisms

OMB and NHRI

  • Strong existing mandates that might be too broad and cannot fulfil the specialized and resource-intensive work of carrying out visits etc.

  • Lack of resources – both human, expertise and financial resources*

  • Not designed for carrying out work under the OPCAT, might lack the mandate/possibilities to access all places of detention within the country

  • Lack of safeguards (towards detainees that are interviewed) in the legislation that establishes the NPM


Rct cptrt study ratification implementation of the opcat the case of honduras i

RCT-CPTRT Study Ratification & Implementation of the OPCAT - The Case of Honduras I

  • Honduras ratified the OPCAT on 23 May 2006

  • In order to gain an in-depth understanding of the process of ratification and initial implementation of the OPCAT in Honduras, the RCT decided to undertake a study with the support of its partner organization in Honduras, the CPTRT.


Rct cptrt study ratification implementation of the opcat the case of honduras ii

RCT-CPTRT Study Ratification & Implementation of the OPCAT - The Case of Honduras II

  • The project consists of a case study of the processes of ratification and initial implementation of the OPCAT

  • Purpose – hoping to develop a ground theory of conditions conducive for the ratification and implementation of human rights instruments.

  • Other Objectives:

    • reconstruct the processes of ratification and initial implementation of the OPCAT in Honduras

    • To propose indicators for measuring the implementation of the OPCAT


  • Login