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Chapter 8. Biosocial Development: The Play Years. Michael Hoerger. Child Maltreatment. Definition: actions or inactions harming children (under 18) Psychological/emotional or physical Child Abuse: deliberate actions causing harm Child Neglect: failure to meet child’s needs.

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Chapter 8

Biosocial Development:

The Play Years

Michael Hoerger


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Child Maltreatment

  • Definition: actions or inactions harming children (under 18)

    • Psychological/emotional or physical

  • Child Abuse: deliberate actions causing harm

  • Child Neglect: failure to meet child’s needs


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Child Maltreatment

  • Neglect outnumbers abuse 2 : 1

  • Signs of neglect: failure to thrive

  • Signs of abuse: hypervigilance

  • Guest Speaker… assessing abuse

  • Reported vs. substantiated maltreatment


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Mandatory Reporting

  • Certain people are required by law to report suspected child abuse

  • Therapist, audiologist, dental hygienist, social worker, physician, etc.

  • Department of Human Services

  • Ethical Dilemma


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3 Levels of Prevention

  • Primary: broad, large-scale, benefit everyone

  • Secondary: narrow, small-scale, target high-risk areas

  • Tertiary: after the fact, prevent long-term consequences of problems rather than the problems themselves


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Severe Psychopathology

  • Primary: Prevent prenatal complications

    • Free pre-natal health care (20% reduction)

  • Secondary: Decrease stress for populations at-risk

    • More non-skilled labor available

    • Wage subsidies

  • Tertiary:

    • Free psychological care


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Death by Car Accident

  • Primary prevention?

  • Secondary prevention?

  • Tertiary prevention?


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Michael Hoerger

To cite this textbook:

  • Berger, K. (2005). The developing person through the lifespan. New York: Worth.

    To cite this lecture:

  • Hoerger, M. (2007, February 7). Developmental Psychology: Toddler Biosocial Development. Presented at a PSY 220 lecture at Central Michigan University.


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