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Rule of Law. “Rule of Law’ is the idea that all people are subject to the law …no one is above it. Rule of a Man. In some traditional political systems some people are above the law For Example: In an absolute monarchy the King is above the law. He makes the Law

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Rule of law

Rule of Law

“Rule of Law’ is the idea that all people are subject to the law

…no one is above it.


Rule of a man
Rule of a Man

In some traditional political systems some people are above the law

For Example:

In an absolute monarchy the King is above the law.

He makes the Law

and the laws do not apply to him he,

he can do as he pleases.

Such systems have a “Rule of a Man/Woman”

In such a country everyone but the rulers has effectively no rights…as he/she can do as they wish.


Rule of law1
Rule of Law

In a country that has “Rule of Law”

  • Individuals can have rights

  • You know what the law is and so can avoid breaking it.

  • No-one is allowed to do things against the law

    Not even the head of the government.

    Rule of Law makes fairness based on not on the wisdom or kindness of an individual that rules

    But on the fairness of the laws themselves


The spread of rule of law
The Spread of “Rule of Law”

“Rule of Law”has existed for at least 2500 years

The Ancient Roman Republic had “Rule of Law”

During the Empire the “Rule of Law”ended with the rule of Emperor Nero

In 1649 the English executed an king (Charles I)

For treason establishing “Rule of Law” there.

The US constitution and the constitutions of most modern countries established the “Rule of Law”

For their people.


Kleptocracy and dictatorship
Kleptocracy and Dictatorship

There are two types of Governement in which there is no Rule of Law

  • A Kleptocracy is a country of “rule by thieves”

    The Government rules to steal money for themselves.

    Corruption is common

    2. Dictatorship is when an idividual or small group rules but is not subject to the law.

    In a dictatorship individuals have no rights that can be relied on.


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