Amuse toi avec les pronoms directs et indirects
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Amuse-toi avec les pronoms directs et indirects!. What is a pronoun?. Pronouns replace nouns. We use them to avoid repeating words over and over.

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What is a pronoun
What is a pronoun?

  • Pronouns replace nouns. We use them to avoid repeating words over and over.

  • Marie is a nice girl. Marie has been in my class since first grade. I see Marie every day in class. Marie and I go to class together. Marie and I sit in class, and I talk to Marie and ask Marie questions because Marie is very smart. After class, Marie and I talk about class and what Marie and I have to do for homework.


What are the pronouns
What are the pronouns?

  • It depends on how they are used in the sentence. If they are used as subjects of the verb, they are

  • I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they

  • What are they in French?

  • je, tu, il, elle, on, nous, vous, ils, elles



What if they are objects of the verb
What if they are objects of the verb?

  • Then you have to determine whether they are direct or indirect objects. If you have a “to” or “for” in front, it is an indirect object.

  • I wrote a letterto Marie.

  • I bought a giftfor Marie.


What are the direct object pronouns
What are the direct object pronouns?

  • me (me)

  • te (you)

  • nous (us – it looks just like the subject pronoun, we)

  • vous (you – it looks just like the subject pronoun, you)

  • le (him/it – it looks just like the definite article, the)

  • la (her/it – it looks just like the definite article, the)

  • les (them – it looks just like the definite article, the)


What are the indirect object pronouns
What are the indirect object pronouns?

  • me (to me – it looks just like the direct object pronoun, me)

  • te (to you – it looks just like the direct object pronoun, you)

  • nous (to us – it looks just like the direct object pronoun, us)

  • vous (to you – it looks just like the direct object pronoun, you)

  • lui (to him/to her – it looks just like the stress pronoun, he)

  • leur (to them – it looks just like the possessive adjective, their)


Any more
Any more?

  • Two more:

  • y – it replaces any preposition of place and is translated “there” -- it can also replace à + thing, and has several translations. I think about it. I believe in it.

  • en – it replaces anything preceded by “de” and has many translations. I have six of them. I talk about it. I came back from there.


A quick review
A quick review:

  • me

  • te le

  • nous la lui

  • vous les leur y en

  • If you have more than one object pronoun in the sentence, respect this order. I send it to him there = Je le lui y ai envoyé.


Position in the sentence tr s important
Position in the sentence – Très important!!

  • Object pronouns go IN FRONT OF THE VERB, not after it as in english, in all cases except affirmative commands.


Let s practice
Let’s practice!

  • Je regarde la télévision. What is the direct object?

  • Je regarde la télévision.

  • I watch it.

  • Je la regarde











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