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Middle East . Climate. Arid Climates. Desert – ½ the land area of the region Less than 10 inches of rain per year Sahara, Rub’ al Khali, Kara Kum Oasis Desalination to get drinking water Steppe 10 – 14 inches of rain per year Most of Turkey, Mesopotamia, along the Gulf, Central Asia

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Middle east

Middle East

Climate


Arid climates
Arid Climates

  • Desert – ½ the land area of the region

    • Less than 10 inches of rain per year

    • Sahara, Rub’ al Khali, Kara Kum

    • Oasis

    • Desalination to get drinking water

  • Steppe

    • 10 – 14 inches of rain per year

    • Most of Turkey, Mesopotamia, along the Gulf, Central Asia

    • Pastoral nomadism


Other climates
Other Climates

  • Mediterranean in Coastal Areas

    • Climate similar to Italy or So. California

    • Citrus fruits for export to Europe

    • Tourist areas for beaches and ancient cities

  • Highlands

    • Mountain areas – varies by elevations

    • Caucasus and Hindu Kush Mts.

    • Rain shadow effect creates areas with enough rain to support agriculture


Climate change
Climate Change

Overgrazing of grasslands creates deserts

desertification

Diverting too much water for irrigation changes ecosystems

Can create pollution issues


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