Basic Anatomy of Musculoskeletal System. Massage A Tutor: Eleshia Howell. Aim. To provide a basic overview of the muscles, bones and soft tissue of the body, so you can become familiar with their names and their function(s).
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Tutor: Eleshia Howell
The 206 bones of the skeleton are divided into two sections –
Axial skeleton, which contains the skull, vertebral column (spine), sternum and ribs.
Appendicular Skeleton, containing the shoulder girdle, pelvic girdle, upper limbs and lower limbs.
Muscles are extremely elastic, very vascular and have the unique ability to contract and stretch to provide movement.
There are 3 main types:
The Muscular system comprises of –
Tendons – attach muscle to bone
For medical reference purposes the parts of the human body are described in relation to other parts of the body using a standard body position, known as the Anatomical position.
The body is erect and facing forward, the arms are at the side of the body with palms facing forward and the feet are placed about hip distance apart, with toes facing forward.
Physical observation / assessment are based on this standard position.
Our bodies are 3-Dimensional and are likewise referred to in specific sections, or planes.
Sagittal (or Median) Plane: runs vertically down the body, from front to back. Cuts the body into left and right sides.