What is ELD?
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What is ELD?. English Language Development. “ is distinguished from other types of instruction, e.g., math, science, or social science, in that the content of ELD emphasizes the English language itself.” The content of an ELD classroom will contain: Reading Writing Listening Speaking

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What is ELD?

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What is eld

What is ELD?


What is eld

English Language Development

“is distinguished from other types of instruction, e.g., math, science, or social science, in that the content of ELD emphasizes the English language itself.”

The content of an ELD classroom will contain:

  • Reading

  • Writing

  • Listening

  • Speaking

  • Grammar

  • Vocabulary

    (SEI Models of the Arizona English Language Learner Task Force, June 15, 2007)


What is eld

  • ELD is ……

  • NOTa math lesson

  • NOT a science lesson

  • NOT a social studies lesson

  • NOT optional in an SEI classroom


Eld components

ELD Components

Phonology:

Speech, sounds

Pragmatics

How you use

language

Morphology:

Parts of words, verb tenses

Semantics:

Meaning of words or sentences

Vocabulary

Syntax:

Grammar, sentence structure, language rules

Lexicon:

Collection of words you know


Phonology

Phonology

  • Studies the SOUND patterns of a specific language

  • Phonology describes the way sounds function within a given language or across languages

  • An important part of phonology is studying which sounds are distinctive units within a language - in English, for example, /r/ and /l/ are distinctive units of sound

    Beginning Sound Final Sound

    lock rock roll roar


Phonology lessons will center on

Phonology lessons will center on…

  • Hearing: physical demonstration. Discrimination exercises e.g., ship or sheep

  • Which vowel sounds occur in: “it”, “bit”, “eat”, “fit”, “feet”, “seat”, “sit”

  • Production. Physically making sounds

  • Expanded contexts


What is eld

Phonology lessons(cont.)

  • Students require steady practice and muscle training.

  • Pronunciation is a motor skill that needs practice.

  • Differences in sound systems have a phonological basis: they depend on variation in speech organ positions or breath control.


Morphology

Morphology

  • The study of meaningful units of language and how they are combined to form words

  • Parts of words; adding affixes to change base words

  • Verb tenses

  • Word families


Syntax

Syntax

  • The grammatical arrangement of words in sentences

  • Focuses on the form of language not meaning

  • The rules that govern the structure of sentences

  • Horizontal flow L  R

  • Sentences have an underlying structure that can be

    manipulated


What is eld

Syntactic Hierarchy

(from smaller to larger units)

Text

Sentence (clause) A red apple

fell out of a tree.

Phrase a red apple

Word apple

Phoneme /ăp/ /ple/


Lexicon

Lexicon

  • The collection of words you know

  • Lexicon organizes the mental vocabulary in a speaker's mind

  • Word list, dictionary, glossary

    Dolch list

    High frequency word list

    Fry Word List


Semantics

Semantics

The study of meaning in a language

Lexicon + Semantics = Vocabulary

I like friendly dogs.

love

adore

puppies

canines

pooches


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