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ZIVOT . DIVERGING OR CONVERGING EFFECT S OF CONTEMPORARY MEDIA ON YOUNG AND AGED POPULATIONS Aykut Toros E. Gülay Keskin. May 30, 2012 ; Prague. İstanbul fotoğrafı ekle Yeditepe Üniversitesi fotoğrafı Ekle. CONTENTS OF PRESENTATION. 1. THE QUESTION 2. THE DATA

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May 30, 2012 ; Prague

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May 30 2012 prague

ZIVOT

DIVERGING OR CONVERGING EFFECTS OF CONTEMPORARY MEDIA

ON

YOUNG AND AGED POPULATIONS

  • Aykut Toros

  • E. Gülay Keskin

May 30, 2012; Prague


May 30 2012 prague

İstanbul fotoğrafı ekle

Yeditepe Üniversitesi fotoğrafı Ekle


Contents of presentation

CONTENTS OF PRESENTATION

  • 1. THE QUESTION

  • 2. THE DATA

  • 3. MAJOR TERMINOLOGY

  • 4. ANALYSIS

  • 5.SUMMARY EXTRACTIONS

  • 6.CONCLUSION


May 30 2012 prague

THE QUESTION:

IS CONTEMPORARY MEDIA

BRINGING TOGETHER

OR

PUSHING APART

THE ELDERLY AND NOT ELDERLY


May 30 2012 prague

THE DATA:

“2011 SOCIAL CHANGE AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SURVEY”

Department of Sociology

Yeditepe University

Istanbul; TURKEY


May 30 2012 prague

1-Questionnaire2 - IntervıeverManual3 -AddressUpdating4- ResponseFollow-upForms5 - Telephonecontrols6 - Etc.

  • RESEARCH INSTRUMENTS


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GEOGRAPHIC DISTRUBUTION OF CLUSTERS

KMZ LINK


May 30 2012 prague

FIELDWORK RESULTS

  • Facetofaceinterviewswerecarried in:

    • 539Clusters

    • 8 085Households

      Whichrequired

    • 17 154 singleormultiplevisitstohouseholds

      Number of respondentsinterviewed

    • Age 17 andabove

    • 22 735completed interviews (H.H.response rate 82%)

    • 21 199 aged 17-64 (not elderly)

    • 1 639 aged 65 and above (elderly)


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CALENDER OF FIELDWORK

1-Good organization leads to high quality of data

2-The graph shows smooth accumulation of data. No observable heaps or dips until 95% of the data was collected


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  • EVIDENCE ON QUALITY OF DATA:

  • EXTERNAL CONSISTENCY

  • DEMOGRAPHIC STRUCTURE


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AGE DISTRUBUTIONS (POPULATION PYRAMIDS)


May 30 2012 prague

CONSISTENCY IN EDUCATIONAL STATUS


May 30 2012 prague

TERMINOLOGY

APPROBATIVE: VALUES AND NORMS(ACTIONS) THAT ARE NOT ACCEPTED AS CONTRADICTORY TO THE SOCIAL PREFERENCES. PHENOMENA THAT ARE ON THE APPROVAL SIDE RATHER THAN ON THE DISAPPROVAL SIDE OF THE CONTINIUM

ELDERLY/NOT ELDERLY: ELDERLY ARE THOSE PEOPLE THAT ARE AT OR ABOVE AGE 65.

NOT ELDERLY ARE THOSE PEOPLE THAT ARE BETWEEN AGE 17 THRU 64

CONTEMPORARY MEDIA: OLD AND NEW MEDIA THAT ARE IN USE IN THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD


May 30 2012 prague

ANALYSIS


May 30 2012 prague

THREE GROUPS OF VARIABLES

DIVERGENCE/CONVERGENCE ISSUES

(Values dimension)

1. "What Is the Position of Women in Society?"

2. “Problems of which domain has priority, nationaldomain or of your immidiate environment?"

3. "Would you feel bothered if a women reaches top level government administration"

4."We should show understanding to life style of those with different morals."

5. "It is permissible to skip some of the religious obligations, under current living conditions

6. "Do laws or leaders rule in the area that you live."

7. "People like us have no say in politics "

8. "Do you find the President trustworthy"

9. “Do you trust the judicial courts"

10.”Do you find European Union trustworthy".

APPROBATIVE BEHAVIOUR DETERMINANTS

(Action dimension)

1. "Reads Paper Or Not"

2. "Paper Read is Modern or Conservative "

3. "Uses Social network or not"

4. "Paper Read is Colorful or Dull"

5. "Paper Read Have Big or Small Fonts"

6. "Reads Columns or Not"

7. "Most watched TV is Mainly Thematic or Entertaining"

8. "Most watched TV is Neutral or Flanked".

CONTROL VARIABLES

1.Gender

2.Education

3.Geographic Region

i.e. 10x8x3= 240 TABLES


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LEVELS OF ANALYSIS EMPLOYED

Level 1: Simple comparison of percentages (on divergence/convergence issues).

Example:What percentage of elderly approves a divergence or convergence issue?


May 30 2012 prague

LEVELS OF ANALYSIS EMPLOYED (Cont’d)

Level 2: Comparison of percentages by approbative dichotomies.

Example:What percentage of elderly approves a divergence or convergence issue by approbative dichotomies?


May 30 2012 prague

LEVELS OF ANALYSIS EMPLOYED (Cont’d)

Level 3: Ratios of non-elderly/elderly by divergence/convergence issues by approbative dichotomies.

Example: How similar or different are the ratios of non-elderly/elderly by divergence/convergence issues by approbative dichotomies.


May 30 2012 prague

OF COURSE WE CAN NOT PRESENT TO YOU ALL THE TABLES IN THE SAME MANNER

INSTEAD,

WE SHALL BE PRESENTING

SUMMARY EXTRACTIONS


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GUIDE FOR INTERPRETING THE RATIOS

Among the group which adopts a conservative behavior (i.e. Do not read daily newspapers)

Percentage of young (not elderly) adopting an approbative value(Men&Women have equal roles in Society) = 46.6%

divided by

Percentage of elderly adopting and approbative behaviour (Men&Women have equal roles in Society)= 63.54%

Ratio =(46.6)/(63.54)

=0.73


May 30 2012 prague

PROPORTION NOT READING NEWPAPERS

Observation:

1.Proportion of females not reading newspapers are higher than males in all cohorts

2.Among males, proportions decrease in young and pre-elderly cohorts

3.Male and female ratios become similar in elderly cohorts

Observation:

-Proportion Not reading newspapers are much higher in the older cohorts compared to younger cohorts.


May 30 2012 prague

Observation:

-There is a gender related social integration gap and this is against females.

-There is a female rejuvenation after age 60. After age 60, the gap narrows and closes among the very upper age cohorts

  • FEMALE APPROBATIVE BEHAVIOR DISADVANTAGES AT MIDDLE AGES


May 30 2012 prague

MIDDLE LEVEL ACTIVITY

SYNDROME (TOTAL POPULATION)

Observation:

-Conservative behaviour , similar approbative values

-Non conservative behaviour, approbative values start to differentiate

-Differentiation starts after athreshold

-Differentiation shows a bell shaped curve


May 30 2012 prague

MIDDLE LEVEL ACTIVITY SYNDROME (MALE FEMALE DIFFERENCES)

Observation:

-There is a difference between males and females

-Female threshold level is earlier (lower) then males

-Female value similarities shows oscillations


May 30 2012 prague

EXAMPLES OF APPROBATIVE RATIOS BY TYPE OF MEDIA AND BY TYPE OF BEHAVIOR


May 30 2012 prague

MEDIA AND APPROBATIVE VALUES

  • Observation:

  • When relation with the media is of unapprobative nature, there seems to be no difference between young and the elderly on approbative values.

  • -When relations with the media is of approbative nature, there appears to be adifference between young and the elderly on approbative values.

  • -The visibility of divergence is most appearent with social network usage.


May 30 2012 prague

CONCLUSION

-Proportion Not reading newspapers are much higher in the older cohorts compared to younger cohorts.

-There is a female rejuvenation after age 60. After age 60, the gap narrows and closes among the very upper age cohorts

-Differentiation shows a bell shaped curve

…and may be most importantly

-Differences between not elderly and elderly in “using social network” appears to be the most differentiating factor. So converging policies would require promotion use of social network among elderly.


May 30 2012 prague

THANK YOU

Aykut Toros

([email protected])

E. Gülay Keskin

([email protected])


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