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Dictionary Skills. 3 rd Grade. Why Use a Dictionary?. to see how to spell a word to learn how to pronounce a word correctly to define a word to find synonyms and antonyms for a word to find out how many syllables are in a word to find out what part of speech a word is.

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why use a dictionary
Why Use a Dictionary?
  • to see how to spell a word
  • to learn how to pronounce a word correctly
  • to define a word
  • to find synonyms and antonyms for a word
  • to find out how many syllables are in a word
  • to find out what part of speech a word is
using guide words and entry words
Using guide words and entry words

Guide words – show the first word and the last word on the page.

The guide words on this page are alone and alumnus.

Entry words – are in ABC order. They are in bold print. Alone is the first entry word on this page.

alphabetical order practice
Alphabetical Order Practice
  • ABC Train
  • Paw Park Alphabet Bears
  • ABC Order
quick way to look for a word
Quick way to look for a word

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

  • Start by going to the beginning, middle or end of the dictionary to locate a word.
      • Example: If you were looking for the word cat, would you find the word in the beginning, middle or end of the dictionary? How about:
        • forgetshakeopposite
now lets find words in the dictionary using the quick way
Now lets find words in the dictionary using the Quick way.
  • You will work with a partner to put a set of words in alphabetical order. You will use the guide words to help you locate the words in the dictionary.
  • You will write the definition of the words on the Vacabulary 4 Square worksheet.
  • Once you write the definitions of all the words, you will look up any three (3) words from the list in an on-line dictionary.
    • Click on the link below.
      • Merriam-Webster Word Central
pronunciation
pronunciation
  • (a way of speaking a word). A dictionary uses symbols to indicate the sounds of the letters in a word. This is found in the beginning of the dictionary.
syllable
syllable

(part of a spoken word). A dictionary generally uses dots between the syllables of a word.

  • Practice clapping the number of syllables in these words. Click on the words below to find out how many syllablesare in each word. Click to check your answers.
    • Continent
      • 3 syllables
    • Ecosystem
      • 4 syllables
synonym
synonym
  • (one of two or more words that have highly similar meanings). A dictionary may list synonyms for a word.

Can you guess the synonym for little? Click for answers

small

Can you guess the synonym for rock?

stone

Can you guess the synonym for funny?

silly

antonym
antonym

(a word that is the opposite of another word). A dictionary may list an antonym for a word.

Can you guess an antonym for happy? click for answers

sad

Can you guess an antonym for short?

tall

Can you guess an antonym for dark?

light

parts of speech
parts of speech
  • (how a word is used in a sentence). A dictionary generally indicates what part of speech a word is, depending upon how it is used in a sentence.
    • n. (noun) The word names a person, place, or thing; e.g., child, dog, park.
    • v. (verb) The word expresses an action or state of being; e.g., jump, fall, was.
    • adj. (adjective) The word describes a person, place, or thing; e.g., happy, wet, tiny.
    • adv. (adverb) The word describes an action; e.g., quickly, well, loudly.
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Can you guess what parts of speech these words are? Click on cat, slowly, different, and hear to find your answers. Then click under the sentence to see if you are correct.

My cat likes to lick my face.

noun

Cars going into the tunnel were moving slowly.

adverb

She looks different with her hair cut short.

adjective

I can hear the rain falling on the roof.

verb

more than one 1 meaning
More than one (1) meaning

Sometimes a word can have more than one meaning. Look at the picture on the right. Find the word audience. This word has 3 meanings.

How many meanings does audio have? Click the mouse for the answer.

2

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Look up the word cold. How many meanings does the

word cold have? Click for the answer.

3

Which one of the meanings for cold is used in this

sentence? “ Emily’s hands were cold so she put on a

pair of mittens.” Click for the answer.

2

slide15

Look up the word grade. How many meanings does the

word grade have? Click for the answer.

7

Which one of the meanings for grade is used in this

sentence? “ Sam got an A on his paper.” Click for the

answer.

6

slide17

Created by:

Jeannye Glidden, Librarian

Susquehanna Community Elementary School

Susquehanna, PA 18847

[email protected]

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