Psychology responses to injury illness
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Psychology Responses to Injury & Illness. Psychology Responses to Injury & Illness. The Biopsychosocial Crisis thoery The intrusiveness of the condition= the intrusiveness of the psychological symptoms and overall health. Does it disrupt their roles and hence their sense of self?

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Psychology Responses to Injury & Illness

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Psychology responses to injury illness

Psychology Responses to Injury & Illness


Psychology responses to injury illness1

Psychology Responses to Injury & Illness

  • The Biopsychosocial

  • Crisis thoery

    • The intrusiveness of the condition= the intrusiveness of the psychological symptoms and overall health.

      • Does it disrupt their roles and hence their sense of self?

  • Cognitive Behavioral

    • The Triad – cognitive, affective and behavioral


Stress process models and coping theory

Stress process models and coping theory

  • Lazarus & Folkman thory of coping and adaptation

    • Illness or injury can be perceived as stressors leading to a DYNAMIC and temporarily ONGOING process of cognitive appraisals, affecting emotional responses and leading to behavioral choices.

    • Primary perceptions affect secondary or subsequent appraisals of the resources avialable for the demands.

      • e.g. back pain

    • This leads to coping strategies

      • IN order to adapt or adjust - recreate homeostasis

      • The professional can make a difference (e.g. chronic fatigue patient doing less to conserve energy)

      • E.g. physical therapist (paul and rich)


Stress process models and coping theory1

Stress process models and coping theory

  • Immediate- unconscious, subconscious, instinct

  • Response – involves a cognitive appraisal, longer times

  • Adjustment


Psychology responses to injury illness

  • THE FOLLOWING PAGES IS IN YOUR TEXTBOOK.


Stress and coping

Stress and Coping

  • Coping depends on the physical & mental resources, culture and personality.

    • By successfully coping with something a patient is able to better manage and have a more favorable response.

  • Lazarus’s model – transactional model

    • Emphasizes the appraisal process


Stress and coping1

Stress and Coping

  • Primary appraisal = perception of an event as being either mainly harmful or harmless.

  • Secondary appraisal = individual’s perception of their self efficacy in dealing with the potential stressor.

    • Therefore, if a person views something stressful and not having self efficacy in being able to handle it = full blown stress.


Stress and coping2

Stress and Coping

  • Eight identified coping strategies

    • Escape avoidance

      • Avoid the problem by day dreaming, drinking, or workaholic

    • Distancing

      • Humour, metaphors

    • Positive reappraisal

      • Finding good in bad, reframing

    • Self controlling

      • Keep feelings and controlled internally

    • Seeking social support

      • Sharing problems instead of bottling. A problem shared is a problem halved.


Stress and coping3

Stress and Coping

  • Planful problem solving

    • Strategically find a way to plan their way out of a problem

  • Accepting responsibilty

    • When one is responsible or the case reduces a sense of victim mentality

  • Confronting

    • Dealing with the cause of the problem head on.

  • People tend to use more than one style


  • Stress and coping4

    Stress and Coping

    • Certain strategies may make someone effective in dealing with certain stressors.

      • However, those same strategies may much less effective with other stressors.

    • Certain strategies that are “higher order” maybe comprised of a number of the previously mentioned.

    • For example, Intellectualisation

      • Distanicng, positive reappraisal, confronting


    Stress and coping5

    Emotion focused

    Centered on the emotional reaction

    Self control

    Escape avoidance

    Accepting responsibility

    Distancing

    Seeking support

    Ruminators

    Problem focused

    Centered on dealing with the problem

    Confronting

    Planful problem solving

    Seeking support

    Nonruminators

    Stress and Coping


    Psychology responses to injury illness

    • THE FOLLOWING PAGE IS IN YOUR TEXTBOOK.


    Social support family

    Social Support & Family

    • Appraisal support

      • Enabled or encouraged to evaluate their own state

    • Emotional support

      • Being loved, cared for, listened to, etc

    • Esteem support

      • Feeling that your valued

    • Information support

      • Advice or information that can facilitate coping

    • Instrumental support

      • Practical behavioral or resource based assistance.


    Stress and coping6

    Stress and Coping

    • Berkman & Syme (1979)

      • Classic study –followed thousands of people

      • Those that had the most social support were least likely to die during the nine years.

      • Social support becomes like an opportunity to charge the system of the person with more energy.


    Psychology responses to injury illness

    • Self perception and grieving

    • Malingering


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